Stephen E. Jones
Jesus is Jehovah! (Gospels & Acts)

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This is my new daily `quiet time' study, having completed The Second Coming of the Lord Jesus Christ. I had intended that when finished it would comprise all Bible verses which show that the Lord Jesus Christ of the New Testament is Jehovah (Heb.Yahweh) of the Old Testament. However, it became too cumbersome so I decided to terminate it at Acts and continue it as a series of blog posts, Jesus is Jehovah in the New Testament, showing that Jesus is Jehovah in by each New Testament book. I will copy material from this page to create separate pages from Matthew to Acts. Until I catch up to Acts in my blog series, my daily study will be in a blog post in preparation and so will not appear publicly for a while. So I have completed this study at the Book of Acts.

[1. Introduction; 2. Jesus has Names & Titles of Jehovah; 3. Old Testament Passages about Jehovah Applied to Jesus; 4. Jesus has Attributes of Jehovah; 5. Jesus Does Works of Jehovah; 6. Jesus Receives Honor & Worship Due to Jehovah; 7. Objections to Jesus Being Jehovah; 8. Conclusion; References]

  1. INTRODUCTION

  2. This study will show that the Lord Jesus Christ of the New Testament is Jehovah (Heb. Yahweh) of the Old Testament. However that does not preclude the other two Persons of the Holy Trinity (Mt 28:19; 2Cor 13:14; 1Pet 1:2), the Father (Dt 32:6; Isa 63:16; 64:8; Mal 1:6), and the Holy Spirit (Isa 61:1; Lk 4:18; 2Cor 3:17) also being revealed as sharing the same self-existent Name Yahweh, or Jehovah. Unless otherwise indicated, the Bible translation used will be the American Standard Version (1901), because it translated the Heb. Yahweh as "Jehovah," rather than "LORD" as in most other English Bible translations.

  3. JESUS HAS NAMES & TITLES OF JEHOVAH [top]
    1. Name

    2. Jesus' name in the New Testament took the place of Jehovah's name in the Old Testament. To receive someone in Jesus' name is to receive Jesus (Mt 18:5 = Mk 9:37 = Lk 9:48). Cf. Mt 24:5; Mk 9:39; 13:6; 16:17; Lk 21:8; Jn 14:13-14,26; 15:16,21; 16:23,24,26; Ac 9:15-17; Rom 9:17; Rev 2:3,13; 3:8. One's attitude to those bearing the name of Jesus will determine one's eternal reward (Mt 10:42; Mk 9:41). Cf. Mt 25:37-46. Gatherings together are to be in Jesus' name (Mt 18:20; 1Cor 5:4). Jesus' followers will be persecuted for His name's sake (Lk 21:12). Prayer to be in Jesus' name (Jn 14:13-14; 15:16; 16:23-26 NIV). Preaching of repentance and forgiveness of sins to be in Jesus' name (Lk 24:47). Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, will have life in His name (Jn 20:31). There is no other name but Jesus' by which we must be saved (Ac 4:12). Disciples were baptised in the name of Jesus (Ac 2:38; 8:16; 10:48; 19:5). God works miraculous signs and wonders through the name of Jesus (Ac 4:30). Paul was prepared to die for the name of the Lord Jesus (Ac 21:13).

      1. Jesus ("Jehovah is salvation")

      2. Jesus' name (Heb. Yeshua, " Yahweh is salvation"), was uniquely given to Him by God (Mt 1:20-21,25; Lk 1:30-32; 2:21). Yet salvation belongs to Jehovah (Ps 3:8).

      3. Jesus has been given the Father's name

      4. Jesus has been given the Father's name (Jn 17:11-12). Cf. Php 2:9-10; Heb 1:4).

      5. Jesus' name is Jehovah

      6. Everyone calling upon the name of Jehovah, who is Jesus, will be saved (Ac 2:21; Rom 10:13; Joel 2:32).

      7. The NAME

      8. Jesus' name is "The NAME." The apostles rejoiced because they had been counted worthy of suffering disgrace for "The NAME" (Ac 5:41), which was "the name of Jesus" (Ac 5:40). Cf. (3Jn 7; Ac 9:16; Rom 1:5; 1Pet 4:16; Jas 2:7). But in the OT, "The NAME," in that absolute sense, was Jehovah's (Lev 24:11,16; 2Sam 6:2; 1Chr 13:6 NIV).

    3. God

    4. Jehovah alone is God (2Ki 19:15,19; Isa 37:16). He is the true God (Jer 10:10). All other gods are idols (1Chr 16:26; Ps 96:5). Jesus affirmed that Jehovah is the one true God (Mk 12:28-29; Dt 6:4; Mk 12:32,34).

      1. God

      2. Jesus is the prophesied "God [Gk. ho Theos] with us" (Mt 1:22-23; Isa 7:14. Cf. Lk 7:16). He is the Word (Gk. Logos), who is by nature God, become flesh (Jn 1:1,14). Jesus is "the only begotten God [Gk. monogenes Theos]" (Jn 1:18 NASB). Which the Jews rightly understood that Jesus claimed to be God. (Jn 10:33). Jesus' blood is God's blood (Ac 20:28 NIV).

      3. Son of God

      4. Jesus Christ is the Son of God (Mt 4:3; 14:33; Mk 1:1; Lk 1:35); the Son of the Most High (Lk 1:32; Mk 5:7; Lk 8:28). Indeed He is "the Son of God" [Gk. ho uios tou theou (Mk 3:11; Lk 4:41; Jn 1:34, 49; 11:27; 20:31; Ac 9:20; 1Jn 3:8; 4:15; 5:5,20; Rev 2:18); ton uion tou theou (Heb 4:14; 6:6; Heb 10:29; Jn 5:10,12); tou uios tou theou (Mt 16:16). Jesus is "the Son" [ho uios] (Jn 8:36). Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God (Mt 16:16; 26:63-64; Jn 11:27; 20:31). Jesus claimed to be "the Son of God" (Jn 10:36; Mt 26:63-64; 27:43; Mk 14:61-62; Lk 22:70). Cf. Jn 3:35-36; 5:19-26; 6:40; 13:32; 14:13; 1Cor 15:28; Col 1:13; Heb 1:3,8; 7:28; 1Jn 2:22-24; 2Jn 1:9. Which the Jews rightly understood to be a claim for essential equality of nature with God (Jn 19:7). He is simply "the Son" (Mt 24:36; Mk 13:32). Jesus is the vineyard owner's "beloved son" in the Parable of the Tenants (Mt 21:33-41; Mk 12:1-9; Lk 20:9-16). He is the son of the king who gave a marriage feast for his son in the Parable of the Wedding Banquet (Mt 22:1-14). He is "The only Son of God [Gk. monogenos, "one and only son" (NIV) "only begotten son" (ASV, KJV)] (Jn 3:16,18; 1Jn 4:9. Cf. Lk 7:12; 9:38; Jn 1:14; Heb 11:17). The demons recognised that Jesus was the Son of God [Gk. ho uios tou theos (Mk 3:11; Lk 4:41; Mt 8:29; Mk 5:6; Lk 8:28). God the Father acknowledged Jesus as "my beloved Son" (Mt 3:16-17; Mk 1:10-11; Lk 3:21-22; Jn 1:32-34; Mt 17:5 = Mk 9:7 = Lk 9:35; 2Pet 1:17; Ps 2:7; Isa 42:1). The Father loves the Son (Jn 3:35; 5:20). The Father is in Jesus and Jesus is in the Father (Jn 10:38; 14:10-11; 17:21-23). No one truly knows the Father as does the Son (Mt 11:27; Lk 10:22). Jesus, the Son of God, was to be glorified (Jn 11:4). Jesus was mocked on the cross for His claim to be the Son of God (Mt 27:39-40,43). Yet the centurion and the Roman soldiers who executed Jesus, when they saw how He died and what took place, acknowledged that He was "a Son of God" (Mt 27:54; Mk 15:39).

        1. My Father

        2. Jesus spoke of "my Father" as a unique relationship not shared by others (Lk 2:49; Mt 16:17). Cf. Mt 7:21; 10:32; 10:33; 12:50; 18:10,19; 20:23; 25:34; 26:29,39,42,53; Lk 10:22; 15:18; 22:29; 24:49; Jn 2:16; 5:43; 10:25; 14:2; 15:10; 5:17; 6:32,40; 8:38,49,54; 10:18,29,37; 14:20,21,23; 15:1,8,15,23,24; Rev 2:27; 3:5,21). He distinguished between "my Father and your [the disciples'] Father" and "my God and your [the disciples'] God" (Jn 20:17). Jesus used the intimate Aramaic "Abba," for "father" when adressing God personally in prayer (Mk 14:36; Mt 26:39; Lk 22:42). Cf. Rom 8:15; Gal 4:6. The Jewish religious leaders rightly realised that what Jesus meant by calling God His Father, was that He was equal in nature with God (Jn 5:18). Which the Jews rightly understood that Jesus claimed to be God (Jn 10:30,33; 19:7). Yet Jehovah has no equal to Him (Isa 40:25). To know Jesus is to know the Father (Jn 8:19. Cf. Jn 14:7,9; 16:3; 1Jn 2:23).

        3. One

        4. Jesus the Son and the Father are one (Jn 10:30;17:11,21,23).

      5. Mighty God

      6. Jesus is the Mighty God [Heb. 'el gibbowr] (Isa 9:6-7. Cf. Mt 4:13-16; Lk 1:32-33). But Jehovah is the Mighty God [Heb. 'el gibbowr] (Isa 10:20-21; Jer 32:18).

      7. Second Person of Trinity

      8. All three Persons of the Trinity, Father, Son and Holy Spirit, are present at Jesus' incarnation (Lk 1:35) and baptism (Mt 3:16-17; Mk 1:10-11; Lk 3:21-22; Jn 1:32-34). Son speaks the words of the Father by the Holy Spirit (Jn 3:35). Jesus' disciples are to be baptised into the "name" (singular) "of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit" (Mt 28:19). Cf. 2Cor 13:14; 1Pet 1:2.

    5. Lord

    6. The divine Name (Heb. YHWH, "Yahweh") was translated nearly 7,000 times by Gk. kurios, "Lord," in the Septuagint (LXX), the Greek translation of the Old Testament in widespread use in the 1st century, and the Bible of the earliest Christians.

      1. The Lord [Gk. Kyrios]

      2. Jesus is "the Lord" [Gk. kurios] (Lk 2:11). Indeed Jesus is the Lord [ho kurios] (Mt 21:3; Mk 5:19; 11:3; Lk 7:13; 10:1,39,41; 13:15; 22:61; 24:34; Jn 4:1; 21:7,12); [ton kurion] (Lk 7:19; Jn 11:2; 20:18,20,25); [to kurio] (Lk 17:5) and [tou kuriou] (Mk 16:20). Jesus called Himself "the Lord" [ho kurios] (Mt 21:3; Mk 11:3; Lk 19:34) and "your Lord" [ho kurios] (Mt 24:42; Jn 13:13-14). Cf. Ac 7:59; 8:22,24-25; 9:10-11,15,17,27,29,31;35,42; 10:33; 11:21,23-24; 12:11,17; 13:10-12; 13:47;14:3,23; 15:17; 15:40;16:14-15;18:8;18:7-9,25; 20:19; 21:14; 22:21; 23:11; 26:15). A leper worshipped Jesus, fell down before Him, and called Him "Lord," and Jesus accepted that title and worship (Mt 8:2-3 = Mk 1:40-43 = Lk 5:12-13). A Greek woman fell down at Jesus feet and called Him "Lord," but Jesus did not rebuke her (Mt 15:22-28 = Mk 7:25-29). To tell what the Lord has done is to tell what Jesus has done (Mk 5:19-20; Lk 8:39). Jesus is David's Lord (Mt 22:41-46 = Mk 12:35-37 = Lk 20:41-44; Ps 110:1). The disciples are "the disciples of the Lord" [tou kuriou] (Ac 9:1). Saul of Tarsus, later the Apostle Paul, saw "the Lord" [ton kurion] on the Damascus road (Ac 9:27; 9:3-6; 22:6-10; 26:12-18). The early church was "walking in the fear of the Lord" [tou kuriou] (Ac 9:31), and in the context this was the "Lord Jesus" (Ac 9:29). Cf. 2Cor 5:11. The words of and about Jesus was "the word of the Lord" (Ac 8:25; 11:16; 13:44,48-49; 15:35-36; 16:32; 19:10, 20). Cf. 1Pet 1:25. Many "believed in the Lord" (Ac 9:42; 10:43; 11:17; 18:8). The way of Jesus (Jn 14:6; Ac 9:2; 18:26; 19:9; 24:14,22) is "the way of the Lord" (Ac 18:25). But the "way of the Lord" is "the way of Jehovah" (Gn 18:19; Jdg 2:22; 2Ki 21:22; Pr 10:29; Isa 40:3; Jer 5:4-5).

      3. I AM (Gk. ego eimi)

      4. Jesus is I AM. "It is I" [Gk. ego eimi, "I am" ] (Mt 14:27; Mk 6:50; Jn 6:20). He is I AM the light of the world (Jn 8:12; 9:5). But I AM is Jehovah (Ex 3:14-15; Isa 41:4; 46:4), God (Mt 22:31-32; Mk 12:26; Lk 20:37). Cf. Jn 8:28; 13:19; 18:5-6 [Gk. ego eimi, "I am" - no "he"]. Jesus is I AM the bread of life (Jn 6:35,48). He is I AM the living bread (Jn 6:51). Unless the Jews believed that Jesus is I AM, they would die in their sins (Jn 8:24). Before Abraham came into existence, Jesus is I AM (Jn 8:58). Jesus is I AM the Good Shepherd (Jn 10:11,14). He is I AM the door (Jn 10:7,9). Jesus is I AM the resurrection and the life (Jn 11:25). He is I AM the way, the truth and the life (Jn 14:6). Jesus is I AM the vine (Jn 15:1,5). When Jesus said "I AM" [Gk. ego eimi, "I am" - no "he"], those who had come to arrest Him fell to the ground (Jn 18:4-6). Jesus is I AM, the Christ, the Son of God (Mk 14:61-62; Mt 26:63-64; Lk 22:70).

      5. Lord Lord [Gk. Kyrie Kyrie]

      6. On the Day of Judgment, Jesus will be acknowledged as "Lord Lord" [Gk. Kyrie Kyrie] (Mt 7:21-22; 25:11; Lk 6:46), which may be equivalent to "Lord Jehovah" [Heb. 'Adonay Yehovah]. Cf. Gn 15:2; Ex 23:17; Dt 3:24; Jos 7:7; Jdg 6:22; 2Sam 7:18; 1Ki 2:26; Ps 71:5; Isa 7:7; Jer 1:6; Eze 2:4; Am 1:8; Ob 1:1; Mic 1:2; Zep 1:7; Zec 9:14. Jesus is Lord [Kyrie] who the disciples expected would restore the kingdom to Israel (Ac 1:6. Cf. Mt 17:11; Mk 9:12). But it was Jehovah who would restore Israel (Isa 1:26; 49:6; Joel 2:25).

      7. Lord and God

      8. Thomas confessed that Jesus is "my Lord and my God" [Gk. ho Kurios mou kai ho Theos mou] (Jn 20:27-28) and Jesus did not rebuke him, but rather accepted Thomas' confession as true and then pronounced as blessed those who believe the same as Thomas (Jn 20:29).

      9. Lord and Christ

      10. The crucified and exalted Jesus was made (Gk. epoiesen, "to make, constitute, appoint" (Jn 6:15; Rev 1:6; 3:12; 5:10) "both Lord [Gk. kurion] and Christ (Ac 2:36).

      11. Lord, Lord Jesus, Lord Jesus Christ

      12. He is called "the Lord Jesus" (Mk 16:19; Lk 24:3; Ac 1:21; 4:33; 7:59; 8:16; 11:20; 15:11; 16:31; 19:5,13,17; 20:24,35; 21:13; Rom 14:14, etc) and "the Lord Jesus Christ" (Ac 11:17; 15:26; 28:31; Rom 1:7; 5:1,11; 13:14; 15:6,30; 1Cor 1:2-3,7-8,10; 6:11; 8:6; 15:57; 2Cor 1:2-3; 8:9; 13:14; Gal 1:3; 6:14,18; Eph 1:2, etc. Or simply "Lord" (Ac 1:6,24; 7:60; 9:5,10,13; 10:14; 11:8; 22:8,10,19,21; 26:15 NIV).

      13. Lord of the sabbath

      14. Jesus is "Lord of the sabbath" (Mt 12:8; Mk 2:28; Lk 6:5). But it was Jehovah who instituted the sabbath commandment (Ex 20:8-11; 31:12-16; 35:1-3; Lev 23:1-3; Dt 5:6,12-14).

      15. Lord of all

      16. "Jesus Christ, who is Lord of all" (Ac 10:36). Cf. Rom 10:12. But Jehovah is Lord of all (Jos 3:11,13; Zec 6:5)

    7. Spirit of Jehovah is Spirit of Jesus

    8. NT "Spirit of the Lord" is OT "Spirit of Jehovah" (Lk 4:18-19; Isa 61:1-2). "Spirit of the Lord" is "the Holy Spirit" (Ac 5:9,3; 8:39; 15-19; 9:17). Cf. 2Cor 3:17. "Spirit of God" is "the Holy Spirit" (Mt 3:16; Mk 1:10; Lk 3:22; Jn 1:32). Cf. Mt 12:28; Rom 8:9,14; 1Cor 2:11,14; 3:16; 7:40; 12:3; 2Cor 3:3; Eph 4:30; Php 3:3; 1Pet 4:14; 1Jn 4:2. "Spirit of Jesus" is "Holy Spirit" (Ac 16:6-7). Cf. Php 1:19 "Spirit of Christ" (Rom 8:9; 1Pet 1:11).

    9. King

    10. Jehovah is King forever (Ps 10:16); the great King above all (Ps 95:3); the King of glory (Ps 24:7-10). Jehovah will be King of all the earth (Zec 14:9). Yet Jesus is the (ho Basileus) King (Mt 25:34,40). He has received kingly authority to reign over all men (Lk 19:11-27). Yet "the King" is "the only God" (1Tim 1:17).

      1. King of Israel

      2. Jesus is the King of Israel (Jn 1:49; 12:13). He was mocked as "the King of Israel" (Mt 27:42; Mk 15:32). Jesus publicly showed He was the King of Israel by fulfilling the prophecy that Israel's king would ride into Jerusalem on a donkey (Mt 21:4-5; Jn 12:14-15; Isa 62:11; Zec 9:9). Jesus accepted His disciples' claim that He was "the King who comes in the name of the Lord" (Lk 19:37-40). Jesus admitted He was a king (Jn 18:37). He is Christ-King (Lk 23:2). However, Jesus' kingship is not of or from this world (Jn 18:36). Jesus is now reigning over Israel (Lk 1:33).

      3. King of the Jews

      4. Jesus was born King of the Jews (Mt 2:2). He admitted or did not deny being the King of the Jews (Mt 27:11; Mk 15:2; Lk 23:3; Jn 18:33-34). Jesus was mocked as "the King of the Jews" (Mt 27:29; Mk 15:18; Lk 23:37; Jn 19:3). Jesus was executed by the Romans for claiming to be "the King of the Jews" (Mk 15:9,12; Jn 18:39). The charge over Jesus' cross was: "This is Jesus of Nazareth: The King of the Jews" (Mt 27:37; Mk 15:26; Lk 23:38; Jn 19:19; 21-22). But the Jewish religious leaders rejected Him (Jn 18:39-40; 19:12,14-15,19-22). Cf. Heb 7:1-3.

      5. Throne

      6. Jesus is the predicted ruler on David's throne (Mt 2:4-6 = Mic 5:2; 2Sam 5:2; Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16; Eze 34:23-24). He is reigning on King David's throne (Lk 1:32; Isa 9:7; Rev 3:7). Jesus will come with all the angels and sit on His glorious throne (Mt 19:28; 25:31).

      7. Reigning at God's right hand

      8. God the Father has exalted Jesus to His right hand (Ac 2:33-34; 5:31), where He is now co-reigning (Mt 22:44; 26:64; Mk 12:36; 14:62; Lk 20:42; 22:69; Ac 7:55-56), from where He will make His enemies His footstool (Lk 20:42-43; Ac 2:34-35; Heb 1:13; 10:12-13; Ps 110:1). Cf. Rom 8:34; Eph 1:20; Col 3:1; Heb 1:3,8; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; 1Pet 3:22; Rev 5:13.

      9. Kingdom
        1. Jesus' kingdom

        2. God the Father conferred on Jesus a kingdom (Lk 22:29 NIV).

        3. Everlasting

        4. Jesus' kingdom will never end (Lk 1:33). Cf. 2Sam 7:16; Ps 45:6; 89:3-4; Isa 9:7; Jer 33:17; Dn 2:44; 7:14,27; Mic 4:7; Heb 1:8; Rev 11:15.

        5. Kingdom of heaven

        6. Jesus has the keys of the kingdom of heaven (Mt 16:19. Cf. Rev 3:7 = Isa 22:22).

        7. Kingdom of God

        8. Jesus' kingdom is God's kingdom (Mt 16:28. Cf. Mk 9:1 & Lk 9:27). Jesus will implement the Father's decision who inherits God's kingdom (Mt 20:23; 25:33-34).

    11. Son of Man

    12. Jesus is the Son of Man (Mt 8:20; 11:19; 12:32; Jn 9:35-37). Who has authority on earth to forgive sins (Mt 9:6. Cf. Lk 7:47-49); authority to execute judgment (Jn 5:27); is Lord of the sabbath (Mt 12:8); who fulfills Old Testament prophecy (Mt 12:40); who sows the good seed (Mt 13:37); who gives eternal life (Jn 6:27); who will come again (Mt 10:23; 24:27,30,37,39,44; 25:31; Mk 13:26; Lk 12:40; 21:27); and send forth His angels to gather the wicked (Mt 13:41) and the elect (Mt 24:31; Mk 13:27). Jesus, the Son of man is glorified in His death (Jn 13:31-32). Cf. Mt 16:13,27,28; 17:9,12,22; 18:11; 19:28; Mt 26:2,24,45,64; Mk 2:10,28; 8:31,38; 9:9,12,31; 10:33,45; 13:34; Mk 14:21,41,62; Lk 5:24; 6:5,22; 7:34; 9:22,26,44,56,58; 11:30; 12:8,10,40; 17:22,24,26,30; 18:8,31; 19:10; Lk 21:27,36; 22:22,48,69; 24:7; Jn 1:51; 3:13-14; 6:27,53; 6:62; 8:28; 12:23,34; Ac 7:56; Heb 2:6; Rev 1:13; 14:14). That is, the "one like unto a son of man" in one of Daniel's visions (Dn 7:13-14) who "came with the clouds of heaven" (Mt 24:30; 26:64; Mk 13:26; 14:62), was brought before God the Father (the "Ancient of Days"), who gave Him, "dominion, and glory, and a kingdom, that all the peoples, nations, and languages should serve him: his dominion is an everlasting dominion, which shall not pass away, and his kingdom that which shall not be destroyed." As the Son of Man, Jesus had the authority to forgive sins (Mt 9:6 = Mk 2:10 = Lk 5:26. Cf. Lk 7:47-49). Jesus is now as the Son of Man, co-reigning at God the Father's right hand (Mt 26:64; Mk 14:62; Lk 22:69; Ac 7:56.

    13. Holy One

    14. Jesus is holy (Lk 1:35); He is "the Holy One" (Ac 2:31; 13:35; Ps 16:10); "the Holy One of God" (Mk 1:24; Lk 4:34; Jn 6:69); "the Holy and Righteous One" (Ac 3:14); "the Righteous One" (Ac 7:52; 22:14). Cf. Ac 4:27; 1Jn 2:20). Yet Jehovah is "the Holy One" (Hos 11:9) and "the Holy One of Israel" (2Ki 19:22; Ps 89:18; Isa 1:4; 5:24; 10:20, 41:14,16,20; Jer 51:5). And God is "the Holy One" (Job 6:10; Ps 71:22; Isa 5:16) and "the Holy One of Israel" (Ps 78:41). See also Attributes: Holy

    15. Owner

      1. All

      2. All that the Father has is Jesus' (Jn 16:15; 17:10). The Father has given everything into the Son's hand (Jn 3:35; 13:3).

      3. Israel

      4. Israel is Jesus' own. He will save his people, Israel (Mt 1:21). The Word came to His own house (Jn 1:10). Yet Israel is Jehovah's people (Ex 3:7; Lev 26:12-13; 1Sam 9:15-16; 2Sam 7:8; 1Ki 14:7; 2Ki 20:5, etc), Jehovah's own possession (Dt 7:6; 14:2; 26:18) whom He will save (Ps 130:8). Jesus had often wanted to gather Jerusalem's children together, as a hen gathers her chicks (Mt 23:37; Lk 13:34).

    16. Master

    17. Jesus is "master [Gk. kurios] of the house" (Mk 13:35); "master [Gk. kurios] of those servants" with whom they must settle accounts (Mt 25:14-30). Cf. Mt 24:45-51; 25:18-20. Yet Jehovah is the Master who the eyes of His servants look to (Ps 123:2; Mal 1:6).

    18. Bridegroom

    19. Jesus is "the bridegroom" (Mt 9:15 = Mk 2:19-20 = Lk 5:34-35). Cf. Mt 25:1-13; Jn 3:29; Eph 5:23-32; Rev 21:2,9; 22:17. But God or Jehovah is the bridegroom (Isa 62:5; Jer 2:32; 3:1; Hos 2:19).

    20. Shepherd

    21. It was Jehovah who Himself was be the shepherd of His sheep (Eze 34:15; Ps 23:1). Yet Jesus is the predicted Shepherd of Israel (Mt 2:6 = Mic 5:2; 2Sam 5:2; Zec 13:7). He is "the shepherd of the sheep" (Jn 10:2); "the Shepherd" (Mt 26:31 = Zec 13:7). Jesus is the Good Shepherd (Jn 10:11,14). The church is Jesus' and God's flock (Mt 26:31; Lk 12:32; Jn 10:12,16; Ac 20:28-29; 1Pet 5:2-3). But the Old Testament church was Jehovah's flock (Jer 10:21; 13:17; 23:2; 25:36; 31:10; Eze 34:17; Mic 5:4; Zec 9:16; 10:3; 11:11); cf. Ps 74:1-2; 100:3; Isa 40:11. There is one flock of Jews and Gentiles, under the one Shepherd, Jesus (Jn 10:16). Cf. Mt 9:36; 25:32; Mk 6:34; 14:27; Heb 13:20; 1Pet 2:25; 5:4; Rev 7:17. Jesus' sheep hear His voice and follow Him (Jn 10:27). Jesus called His followers "my sheep" (Jn 10:26-27; 21:16-17). But Jehovah called His followers "my sheep" (Eze 34:6,8,10-11,12,15,19,31). As a shepherd, Jesus will separate the sheep (the righteous) from the goats (the cursed) (Mt 25:32,37,41).

    22. Saviour

    23. Jesus is Saviour (Lk 2:11; Lord and Saviour (2Pet 1:11; 3:2; 2:20; 3:18); God and Saviour (Tit 2:13; 2Pet 1:1); Saviour of the world (Jn 4:42; 1Jn 4:14); Prince and Savior (Ac 5:31). Cf. Ac 13:23; Eph 5:23; Php 3:20; 2Tim 1:10; Tit 1:4; 3:6). But God is Saviour (Lk 1:47; 1Tim 1:1; 2:3; 4:10; Tit 1:3; 2:10; 3:4; Jude 1:25); and Jehovah is the only Saviour (Isa 45:21; 43:3,11; Hos 13:4).

  4. OLD TESTAMENT PASSAGES ABOUT JEHOVAH ARE APPLIED TO JESUS [top]

  5. The Old Testament testifies about Jesus (Jn 5:39). Moses and the prophets wrote about Jesus (Jn 1:45; 5:46). Jesus is The Prophet that Moses predicted would come (Dt 18:15,18; Jn 1:21; Ac 3:22; 7:37). Cf. Lk 24:27,44; Ac 13:27).

    1. Jesus is Jehovah seen

    2. Old Testament appearances of Jehovah (e.g. Gn 12:7; 17:1; 18:1; 26:2,24; Ex 6:3; Isa 6:5), and of God (e.g. Gn 32:30; 35:9; Jdg 13:22), were all of the pre-incarnate Jesus (Jn 1:18), because no man has ever seen the Father (Jn 5:37; 6:46). Cf. Ex 33:20; 1Tim 6:16; 1Jn 4:12. Jesus is Jehovah whose glory Isaiah saw (Jn 12:37-41; Isa 6:1-10). To see Jesus is to see God (Jn 12:45). Cf. Jn 14:9; 2Cor 4:6

    3. Jehovah who came was Jesus

    4. John the Baptist was the prophesied messenger sent to prepare the way for the coming of Jehovah, who was Jesus (Mt 3:1-3; 4:17; Mk 1:2-4,14-15; Lk 3:2-6; 4:14-15; Jn 1:23; 29-34 = Isa 40:3; Mal 3:1). Jesus Himself stated this (Mt 11:10; Lk 7:27 = Mal 3:1). That is, John the Baptist was Jehovah's "messenger," whom Jehovah said would come to "prepare the way before me," but the "me" who came was Jesus! He is "the Lord" (Heb. 'adown = Jehovah (Zec 4:14; 6:5) whom the Israelites "seek," who "will suddenly come to his temple" (Mal 3:1). Jesus is "the messenger of the covenant" (Ex 23:20; 3:2; Isa 63:9; Jer 31:31; Eze 37:26) whom the Israelites "desire" and who will "come." (Hag 2:7; Mal 3:1). Jesus' visitation [Gk episkope "inspection"] of Jerusalem was God's (Lk 19:44. Cf. Lk 1:68, 78; 7:16; 1Pet 2:12; Isa 10:3; Jer 8:12; 10:15; 11:23; 23:12; 46:21; 48:44; 50:27; 51:18; Hos 9:7; Mic 7:4).

    5. Jesus is Jehovah priced at thirty pieces of silver

    6. Jesus fulfilled the Old Testament prophecy of Jehovah being bought for "thirty pieces of silver" (Mt 27:9; 26:15; 27:3). "And Jehovah said unto me, Cast it unto the potter, the goodly price that I was prized at by them" (Zec 11:13). Cf. Zec 11:4-12; Jer 18:1-6; 19:1-11; 32:6-9 .

    7. Jesus is Jehovah pierced

    8. Jehovah through the prophet Zechariah predicted of "the inhabitants of Jerusalem" that "they shall look unto ME whom they have pierced" (Zec 12:1,10). But the New Testament applies that prophecy to Jesus (Jn 19:36-37; Rev 1:7).

    9. Jesus is Jehovah who everyone calling upon His name will be saved

    10. The apostles Peter and Paul applied the Old Testament prophecy that "whosoever shall call on the name of Jehovah shall be delivered" to Jesus (Ac 2:21; Rom 10:13; Joel 2:32).

    11. Jesus is Jehovah whose name the Gentiles will bear

    12. Jesus is Jehovah who is "the Lord" whom "the remnant of men" even "the Gentiles" will "bear my name" (Ac 15:16-18,11,26; Am 9:11-12).

  6. JESUS HAS ATTRIBUTES OF JEHOVAH [top]
    1. Eternal

    2. As the pre-incarnate Word (Gk. Logos), Jesus in the beginning already was (Jn 1:1-2,14). Jesus' origin is from everlasting (Mt 2:4-6 = Mic 5:2). Before Abraham came into existence, Jesus is I AM (Jn 8:58).Yet Jehovah is the the eternal God (Gn 21:33; Dt 33:27), the One who inhabits eternity (Isa 57:15,19), who is from everlasting (1Chr 16:36; Neh 9:5; Ps 41:13; 103:17; 106:48; Hab 1:12).

      1. Pre-existent

      2. Jesus is "before" John the Baptist (Jn 1:15), even though He was six months younger (Lk 1:36). Jesus had glory with the Father before the world (Gk. kosmon) was made (Jn 17:5,24).

    3. Life

    4. Jesus has life in itself (Jn 1:4) of the Father (Jn 5:26; 6:57). He is the life (Jn 11:25; 14:6). Jesus is the "author [Gk. archegon "originator" - Heb 2:10; 12:2] of life" (Ac 3:15 NIV). Cf. 1Tim 6:16; Heb 7:16; 1Jn 1:1-2; 5:11,20; Rev 1:18. But life itself belongs only to Jehovah (Dt 30:20; Job 10:12; 33:4; Ps 16:11; 27:1; 36:9). Jesus gives life to whom He wills (Jn 5:21). But only Jehovah God who gives life (Job 33:4; Ecc 12:7; Neh 9:6) and raises the dead (2Ki 5:7; Rom 4:17; 2Cor 1:9). He is the bread of life (Jn 6:35). Whoever believes that Jesus is the Christ, the Son of God, will have life in His name (Jn 20:31).

      1. Living water

      2. Jesus is the source of living water (Jn 4:10-11; 7:38). Cf. Rev 7:17. But Jehovah is the source of living water (Jer 2:13; 17:13; Zec 14:8).

      3. Eternal life

      4. The Father has given the Son power to give eternal life to all whom the Father has given Him (Jn 17:2). Whoever hears Jesus' word has eternal life (Jn 5:24). Even Jews who already believed in Jehovah must come to Jesus to have eternal life (Jn 5:40). Jesus gives eternal life (Jn 6:27). Whoever believes in Jesus has eternal life (Jn 3:16; 6:40). It is eternal life to know the only true God the Father and Jesus Christ whom He has sent (Jn 17:3). Whoever metaphorically `eats' Jesus the living bread, will live forever (Jn 6:51).Whoever metaphorically `eats' Jesus' flesh and `drinks' His blood, has eternal life (Jn 6:54). Jesus gives eternal life to His sheep (Jn 10:28). Whoever believes in Jesus will never die (Jn 11:26).

      5. Spiritual life

      6. The spiritually dead who hears Jesus' voice will live (Jn 5:25).

    5. Sovereignty

    6. Jesus is above all (Jn 3:31). Yet Jehovah is above all (1Ch 29:11; Ps 95:3; 97:9; 113:4; 135:5). The Father has given all things into the Son's hands (Jn 3:35; 13:3). The Father has delivered all things to the Son (Mt 11:27; Lk 10:22). The Father has given the Son power over all flesh (Jn 17:2). Jesus has been given "all authority in heaven and on earth" (Mt 28:18). Cf. Jn 17:2; Acts 10:36; 1Cor 15:27; Eph 1:20-22; Php 2:9-10; Dn 7:13-14. The authorities could not arrest Jesus until it was His time to let them do so (Jn 7:30,44; 8:20. Cf. Lk 4:28-30). Jesus alone had the power to lay down His life and take it up again (Jn 10:17-18).

    7. Light

    8. Jesus is the true light that enlightens every man (Jn 1:9). Jesus is the "great light" predicted by the prophet Isaiah Mt 4:15-16; Isa 9:1-:1-2). He is the light of the world (Jn 8:12; 9:5; 12:46). Jesus is the light who we are to believe in, that we may become ourselves lights in the darkness (Jn 12:35-36). Whoever believes in Jesus will not remain in darkness (Jn 12:46). Cf. Jn 1:4-5,7-7; 3:19; 2Cor 4:6; Rev 21:23). Yet God is light (1Jn 1:5); it is in Jehovah's light that we see light (Ps 36:9); "Jehovah is my light" (Ps 27:1), "an everlasting light" (Isa 60:19-20).

    9. Glory

    10. Jesus had glory with the Father before the world (Gk. kosmon) was made (Jn 17:5,24). As the Word became flesh, Jesus dwelt [Gk. eskenoosen, "tabernacled," "dwelt in a tent"] among men and revealed His glory (Jn 1:14; 2:11. Cf. Isa 35:2; 40:5; 66:18). This alludes to the OT tabernacle or tent of meeting (Gk. skenoo, Ac 7:44; Heb 8:5; 9:2; Rev 21:3), in which Jehovah's glory dwelled (Ex 40:34-35; Lev 9:23; Num 14:10; 16:19,42; 20:6). Cf. Lk 9:32; Jn 2:11; 11:40; 17:5; 1Cor 2:8; 2Cor 4:4,6; Eph 1:12,14; 3:21; 2Th 2:14; 2Tim 4:18; Heb 1:3; 13:21; 1Pet 4:11; 2Pet 1:3; 3:18; Rev 1:6; 5:12-13. In the Transfiguration, Jesus revealed His glory (Mt 17:2; Mk 9:2; Lk 9:29,32; Jn 1:14; 2Pet 1:17). Jesus will return in the glory of His Father (Mt 16:27 = Mk 8:38 = Lk 9:26). Jesus was to be glorified (Jn 11:4). In His death, reesurrection and His sending of the Holy Spirit and the manifold fruit it will bear (Jn 7:39; 12:16,23). God glorified Jesus (Jn 8:54; 12:28; 17:1). Jesus is glorified in His death (Jn 13:31-32). The Father is glorified in the Son (Jn 14:13). The Holy Spirit glorifies Jesus (Jn 16:14). Jesus is glorified in His disciples (Jn 17:10). Jesus gives His glory which the Father gave Him to His disciples (Jn 17:22). Jesus's disciples will, in heaven, behold Jesus' glory which the Father has given Him (Jn 17:24). Jesus has entered into His glory (Lk 24:25). The crucified, risen and ascended Jesus, God has now glorified (Ac 3:13; Isa 52:13). Cf. Rom 8:17; 15:17; 2Th 1:10,12; 3:1. But Jehovah will not give His glory to another (Isa 42:8). Jesus is the Lord of glory (1Cor2:8; Jas 2:1). He had glory with the Father before the world was (Jn 17:5). Isaiah saw Jesus' glory which was Jehovah's glory (Jn 12:41 = Isa 6:1-3).

      Jesus at His transfiguration showed His glory (Mt 17:1-6; Mk 9:2-8; Lk 9:28-36; Jn 1:14; 2Pet 1:17). In His miracles Jesus revealed His glory (Jn 2:11; 11:4; 11:40). Jesus received glory from the Father (Jn 8:54; 17:22,24). Jesus revealed God's glory (2Cor4:6; Php 4:19; Heb 1:3). After His resurrection (Rom 6:4) and ascension Jesus entered into His glory (Lk 24:26; Ac 22:11; 1Tim 3:16). Jesus will come again in His own glory (Mt 25:31; Lk 9:26; 21:27; Tit 2:13) and His Father's glory (Mt 16:27; 24:30; Mk 8:38; 13:26). Jesus will sit on the throne of his glory (Mt 19:28; 25:31; Mk 10:37). Jesus now receives glory in the church (Eph 3:21; 2Th 2:14). Both Jesus and the Father now share the same glory (Eph 3:21). God receives glory in heaven (Rev 4:9; 4:11; 7:12; 19:1,7). Jesus receives glory in heaven (Rev 5:12). Both God and Jesus receive (Rev 5:13) and show the same glory in heaven (Rev 21:23). To Jesus be glory forever (2Tim 4:18; 1Pet 4:11; 2Pet 3:18; Rev 1:6). And to God be glory forever (Rom 11:36; 16:27; Gal 1:5; Php 4:20; 1Tim 1:17; Heb 13:21; Jude 1:25; Rev 4:9). To both God and Jesus be glory forever (Rev 5:13). But only Jehovah God has glory in that sense (Lk 2:9; Ac 7:2, 55; Rom 1:23; 3:23; Eph 1:17; Php 2:11; Rev 15:8).

    11. Omniscient
      1. Jesus knew all things

      2. Jesus knew all things (Jn 16:30; 21:17). Jesus knew the location of fish in the deep water of a lake (Lk 5:1-11; Jn 21:6). Jesus in Perea knew when Lazarus had died in Bethany, three days' journey distant (Jn 10:40;11:14).

      3. Jesus knew all men

      4. Jesus knew what was in all men (Jn 2:24-25). He knew the thoughts of others from a distance. While He was still in Bethany-beyond-Jordan (Jn 1:28-29), Jesus saw Nathanael in Bethsaida, Gallilee (Jn 1:43-45), a distance of about 120 kms (75 miles), under a fig tree, and discerned his innermost thoughts (Jn 1:45-50). Jesus knew the marital history of an obscure Samaritan women whom He had never met (Jn 4:17-19,29). He knew that a man by the pool at Bethesda had been ill for 38 years (Jn 5:5-6). Jesus perceived in His spirit the thoughts of the scribes and Pharisees (Mt 9:4 = Mk 2:8 = Lk 5:22; 6:8). Jesus knew the Pharisees' thoughts about him (Mt 12:25) and of their plotting to kill him (Mt 12:14-15). Of the contents of their murmurring among themselves (Jn 6:41-43). Jesus knew what His disciples were sayng to each other (Jn 16:19), including Thomas' statement that he would not believe Jesus had been raised unless he could see the wounds in Jesus' hands and side (Jn 20:24-28). He knew that Judas did not believe Him and who would betray Him (Jn 6:64; 13:11. He knew the thoughts of the crowds that they were going make Him king (Jn 6:15 NIV). Cf. Rev 2:23. But it is Jehovah alone (1 Ki 8:39) who searches every heart and understands every motive behind thoughts (1Chr 28:9); who knows the thoughts of man (Ps 94:11), who searches, knows and understands man's thoughts and his every action (Ps 139:1-2; Pr 24:12; 2Ki 19:27; Jer 12:3; 17:10). God knows men's hearts (Ps 44:21; 139:23; Lk 16:15; Ac 15:8).

    12. Omnipresent

    13. Jesus is God with His people (Mt 1:22-23; Isa 7:14). Wherever disciples are gathering together in His name, Jesus is in their midst (Mt 18:20). Jesus is with His disciples in all nations always (Mt 28:20). Yet it is Jehovah who is with His people always [Gk. "all the days"] (Ex 3:12; Dt 31:6; Jos 1:5; Heb 13:5).

    14. Omnipotent

    15. No one can snatch Jesus' sheep out of His hand (Jn 10:28).

    16. Holy

    17. Jesus is holy (Lk 1:35). He is the Holy One of God; God's holy servant (Ac 4:27,30; Isa 53:11). Jesus is sinless (Jn 8:46). He will not be included in the judgment that for "every idle word that men shall speak, they shall give account" (Mt 12:36).Yet there is none other than Jehovah who is holy (1Sam 2:2). Cf. Jehovah is holy (Lev 11:44-45; 16:2; 19:2; 20:26; Ps 99:5,9; Isa 6:3); His name is holy (Ps 103:1; 105:3; 106:47; 145:21; Eze 20:39; 36:20,22; 39:7,25); He is a holy God (Jos24:19; 1Sam 6:20); Jehovah is the Holy One (Pr 9:10; Isa 5:16; 49:7; Hab 1:12); the Holy One of Israel (Ps 89:18; Isa 1:4; 5:24; 10:20; 29:19; 30:15; 31:1; 41:14,16,20; 43:3,14,15; 45:11; 47:4; 48:17; 54:5; 55:5; 60:9,14; Jer 50:29; 51:5). Jesus is good, but only God is good (Mt 19:16-17; Mk 10:17-18; Lk 18:18-19); Jesus distinguished Himself from all other men who "are evil" (Mt 7:11; Lk 11:13); In Jesus is no falsehood (Jn 7:18). But only God is true (Jn 8:26,46). See also Holy One.

    18. Authority

    19. Jesus taught with absolute authority (Mt 7:28-29; Mk 1:22; Lk 4:32). He did not say, "thus says Jehovah" but "I say" (Mt 5:22,28,32,34,39,44;11:22,24; 12:6; 17:12; 19:9; Mk 9:13; Lk 6:27) because He is Jehovah! Jesus declared that John the Baptist was the last Old Testament prophet and therefore effectively that the Old Testament era had ended (Mt 11:13 = Lk 16:16).

    20. Power

    21. Jesus had the power of Jehovah to heal (Lk 5:17).

    22. Great

    23. Jesus is greater than the temple, the prophet Jonah (and by implication all the prophets) and greater than King Solomon (and by implication all the Kings of Israel) (Mt 12:6,41-42).

    24. Angels

    25. Jesus is "the Son" distinct from "the angels of heaven" (Mt 24:36; Mk 13:32). Cf. Heb 1:4-5. The angels are Jesus'. He will come with all the angels (Mt 16:27; 24:30-31; 25:31. Cf. Zec 14:5; Jude 14). Which are "His angels" (Mt 16:27 = Mk 8:38 = Lk 9:26). Jesus will send forth His angels (Mt 13:41; 24:31; Mk 13:27). Jesus now directs the angels: "an angel of the Lord" when in the context "the Lord" is Jesus (Ac 5:19; 12:7,23; 8:26. Yet the angels are God's (Lk 12:8,9; 15:10; Jn 1:51; Rev 3:5).

  7. JESUS DOES WORKS OF JEHOVAH [top]
    1. The Lord's (Jehovah's) works

    2. What Jesus did was what Jehovah did (Mk 5:19-20).

    3. God's works

    4. Jesus' works are the Father's works (Jn 5:19).

    5. God's words

    6. Jesus' words are the Father's words (Jn 8:28; 12:49).

    7. Commandments

    8. Jesus gave His own commandments. By improving on the Law of Moses: "You have heard" in the Law, but "I say.." (Mt 5:21-22,27-28,31-32,33-34,38-39,43-44; 12:5-6; 19:8-9). Cf. Mt 11:21-24; 17:11-12; Mk 9:12-13; Lk 6:26-27; 1Cor 7:25; 14:37; 2Th 3:4; 2Pet 3:2. Jesus gave a new commandment that His disciples love one another as He has loved them (Jn 13:34-35; 15:12,17). Jesus' commandments are to be obeyed (Jn 14:15,21,23; 15:10). Jesus' disciples of all nations are to be taught to observe all that He has commanded them (Mt 28:19-20).

    9. Creation

    10. All things were created through Jesus (Jn 1:3), including the world (Jn 1:10). Yet Jehovah alone made all things (Isa 44:24), by His own hands (Isa 45:12; 66:2). Jehovah created (Gn 2:4; Isa 42:5; 45:18), and made (Gn 2:4; Ex 20:11; 2Ki 19:15; 2Ch 2:12; Neh 9:6; Ps 121:2; Isa 37:16; Jer 32:17) the heaven and the earth.

    11. Miracles

    12. Jesus' miracles or signs revealed His glory (Jn 2:11). His works were sufficient for belief in Him (Jn 10:38). Jesus' first sign was turning water into wine at a wedding in Cana, Galilee (Jn 2:7-11). He did "signs" in Jerusalem at the Passover feast and many believed in Him because of them (Jn 2:23. Cf. Jn 4:46-54; 6:2,14; 7:31; 9:16; 10:41; 11:47; 12:18,37; 20:30). Proved that God was with Jesus (Jn 3:2; 9:33).

      1. Nature miracles

      2. Jesus knew the location of a huge school of fish in the deep water of Lake Genneseret (Sea of Galilee) (Lk 5:1-10), and this may have included bringing the fish together to that location. Jesus commanded a storm on the Sea of Galilee to be still and and it immediatedly became calm (Mt 8:24-27; Mk 4:37-41; Lk 8:22-25). But it is Jehovah God alone who commands the sea and it obeys Him (Job 38:8-11; Ps 65:5-7; 89:8-9; 107:23-30). Jesus fed a crowd of over five thousand by multiplying five loaves of bread and two fish (Mt 14:15-21; Mk 6:35-44; Lk 9:12-17; Jn 6:5-14; and another crowd of four thousand by multiplying seven loaves of bread and a few small fish (Mt 15:32-38; Mk 8:1-9). But it was Jehovah who through Elisha multiplied twenty loaves of bread and ears of grain to feed a hundred (2Ki 4:42-44). Jesus walked on a stormy sea (Mt 14:25-27; Mk 6:48-51; Jn 6:18-21). Yet it is God who treads the waves of the sea (Job 9:8; Ps 77:19). Jesus from a distance ensured that the next fish Peter caught would have a shekel in its mouth (Mt 17:27). Jesus cursed a fig tree and it withered overnight (Mt 21:19-20; Mk 11:13-14, 20-21).

      3. Healing miracles

      4. Jesus had the power of Jehovah to heal (Lk 5:17). Jesus' did works of healing that no one else had ever done (Jn 9:32) He did many and varied miracles of healing, including of those sick, afficted with various diseases, pains, demon-possesed, epileptics and paralysed (Mt 4:23-24; blindness, deafness, lameness, leprosy, and death (Mt 11:5 = Lk 7:22). Cf. Mt 8:7-8,13; 8:16; 9:35; 10:1,8; 13:15; 14:14; 15:28,30; 19:2; 21:14; Mk 1:34; 3:10; 5:29; 6:5; 6:13; Lk 4:23,40; 5:5,15,17,31; 7:7; 8:2,43,47; 9:2,6,11,42; 10:9; 13:14; 14:3,4; 17:15; 22:51; Jn 4:47; 12:40; Ac 4:30; 9:34). Jesus healed leprosy (Mt 8:2-3 = Mk 1:40-43 = Lk 5:12-13. Cf. Mt 10:8; 11:5; Lk 17:12-14); paralysis (Mt 9:2-8 = Mk 2:3-12 = Lk 5:18-26); fever (Mt 8:14-15; Mk 1:29-31; Lk 4:38-39); long-term invalidity (Jn 5:3-9); a withered hand (Mt 12:10,13; Mk 3:1,5; Lk 6:6,10); a woman's long-term haemorrhage (Mt 9:20-22 = Mk 5:25-34 = Lk 8:43-48); blindness (Mt 9:27-30; Mk 8:22-25; Jn 9:1-7; Mt 20:30-34 = Mk 10:46-52 = Lk 18:35-43); deaf and dumbness (Mk 7:32-37); seizures (Mt 17:15-18 = Mk 9:17-27 = Lk 9:38-43). Jesus healed at a distance (Mt 8:5-13 = Lk 7:1-10; Jn 4:43-53), including casting out a demon (Mt 15:22-28 = Mk 7:25-29). Jesus healed the "blind, dumb, maimed, and many others" (Mt 15:30). Jesus healed them all (Mt 12:15; Lk 6:17-19). Jesus raised the dead (Mt 11:5 = Lk 7:22): the widow of Nain's son (Lk 7:11-17); Jewish ruler Jairus' daughter (Mt 9:18,23-26 = Mk 5:22-24,35-43 = Lk 8:41-42,49-56) and Lazarus (Jn 11:38-44). He casted out demons (Mt 9:32-33; Mk 1:23-27; Lk 4:33-36; 6:18). Demons causing dumbness (Lk 11:14); blindness and dumbness (Mt 12:22). Cf. Mt 4:24; 8:16; 8:31-32; 12:22-25; 26-28; 15:21-28; 17:14-18; Mk 1:34,39; 5:1-15; 7:26-30; 8:12-13; 16:9; Lk 4:41; 8:2; 8:32-33; 9:42; 10:17; 11:13-15; 13:32. Merely touching Jesus' garments caused power to flow from Him to heal (Mt 14:35-36; Mk 5:25-30; 6:55-56; Lk 6:19). Yet it is Jehovah who heals (Ex 15:26; Num 12:13; 2Ki 2:21; 2Ki 20:5,8; 2Ch 30:20; Ps 6:2; 30:2; 41:4; Isa 19:22; 30:26; 57:19; 58:8; Jer 17:14; 30:17; Hos 6:1). After His resurrection, God continues to work miraculous healings the name of Jesus (Ac 4:30).

      5. Forgiveness of sins

      6. Jesus forgave sins (Mt 9:2 = Mk 2:5 = Lk 5:20. Jesus forgave the sins of a sinful woman who wet His feet with her tears and anointed them with ointment (Lk 7:47-49). As the Son of Man, Jesus had the authority to forgive sins (Mt 9:6 = Mk 2:10 = Lk 5:26). But only God could forgive sins (Mt 9:3 = Mk 2:6-7 = Lk 5:21; Lk 7:49). Cf. Ps 103:12; Isa 1:18; 43:25; 55:7; Jer 31:34; Mic 7:19).

    13. Spirit

    14. Jesus sends the Holy Spirit (Jn 15:26; 16:7). But Jehovah (Ps 104:30), God (Gal 4:6) and the Father (Jn 14:26) sends His Spirit.

    15. Church

    16. Jesus builds His own church, or called out people of God (Mt 16:18. Cf. Act 20:28; 1Cor 12:28; 15:9; Gal 1:13; Eph 1:22; 2:20; Php 3:6; 1Tim 3:15). The same word Gk. ekklesia was used in the LXX of the assembly of Jehovah's people (Dt 4:10; 23:2, etc). Cf. Ac 7:38; Heb 2:12, etc). Jesus would gather into one the scattered children of God (Jn 11:52). The elect are His (Mt 24:31; Mk 13:27).

      1. Sent prophets, etc

      2. Jesus sent prophets, wise men and scribes (Mt 23:34; Lk 11:49). But it is Jehovah who sent the prophets (2Ch 24:19; Jer 25:4; 29:19).

    17. Second coming

    18. Jesus' second coming will be Jehovah's coming. Jesus will return in the glory of His Father (Mt 16:27 = Mk 8:38 = Lk 9:26). It will be the Day of the Son of Man (Lk 17:24,30; Mt 24:27). All on earth will see Jesus, the Son of Man, coming on the clouds of heaven with great power and glory (Mt 24:30 = Mk 13:26 = Lk 21:27; Mt 26:64; Mk 14:62). Cf. Dn 7:13-14; Zec 12:10-12; Rev 1:7.

    19. Resurrection of the dead

    20. The dead will hears Jesus' voice and be resurrected (Jn 5:25); both those who have done good and those who have done evil (Jn 5:28). Jesus will raise whoever believes in Him on the last day (Jn 6:39,40,54). He is the resurrection (Jn 11:25).

    21. Judgment

    22. The Father has entrusted all judgment to His Son, Jesus (Jn 5:22). Jesus has been given the sole authority to judge because He is the Son of man (Jn 5:27). God has appointed Jesus as judge of the world (Ac 10:42; 17:31). Jesus' judgment is just (Jn 5:28). Cf. Jn 8:50; 9:39; Rom 2:16; 2Cor 5:10; 2Tim 4:1). Whoever hears Jesus' words will be judged according to whether he kept them (Jn 12:47-48). Cf. Jn 3:17-19; 5:22-30; 8:15-16; 8:50; 12:31; 16:7-11. All the nations will be gathered before Jesus' throne of judgment (Mt 25:32). But only Jehovah God is the judge of all the earth (Gn 18:25; 1Chr 16:33; Ps 96:13; 98:9) and the wicked (Mal 3:5). And it is Jehovah, who all the nations will be gathered before, for judgment (Joel 3:1-2).

      1. Day of Judgment

      2. On the Day of Judgment it is Jesus to whom we all will have to give account of our works (Mt 7:22-23. Cf. Mt 24:36; Lk 10:12; 21:34; 2Tim 1:18; 4:8).

      3. Separation of righteous from wicked

      4. Jesus will separate the wheat from the chaff (Mt 3:12; Lk 3:17); the sheep from the goats (Mt 25:32). But it was Jehovah who judged His flock between sheep and goats (Eze 34:17).

      5. Rewards

      6. Jesus will gather His wheat into His granary (Mt 3:12; Lk 3:17). Jesus will reward each person for what he has done (Mt 16:27). Cf. 2Cor 5:10; Rev 22:12. The basis for eternal rewards is one's attitude to Jesus in His followers (Mt 25:34-40,46). Cf. Mk 9:41; Mt 10:40-42; Ac 9:4; 22:6; 26:14; 1Jn 3:10-17; 4:20-21). But it is God who will reward each person for what he has done (2Chr 6:23; Job 34:11; Ps 62:12; Pr 24:12; Jer 17:10; Rom 2:5-6; 2Tim 4:14; 1Pet 1:17; Rev 20:12-13).

      7. Condemnation

      8. Jesus to decide who is to be eternally condemned (Mt 7:22-23).

      9. Punishment

      10. Jesus will Himself burn the chaff with unquenchable fire (Mt 3:12; Lk 3:17). Jesus Himself will pronounce the final judgment of eternal punishment or eternal life (Mt 25:46). The basis for eternal punishment is one's attitude to Jesus: in His followers (Mt 25:41-46).

    23. Salvation

    24. Jesus is the door - only through Him can one be saved (Jn 10:9). There is no other name but Jesus' by which we must be saved (Ac 4:12). If one believes in the Lord Jesus Christ one will be saved (Ac 16:31).

  8. JESUS RECEIVES HONOR & WORSHIP DUE TO JEHOVAH [top]
    1. Jesus was worshipped

    2. Jesus was worshipped [Gk. proskuneo] by the magi" (Mt 2:2,11). Jesus was worshipped by the disciples (Mt 28:17). Peter fell down before Jesus after experiencing Jesus' miracle of the huge catch of fish were and confessed his sense of sinfulness in the presence of Jesus (Lk 5:8-10) as Old Testament saints did in the presence of God (Gn 18:27; Job 42:5-6; Isa 6:5). A leper worshipped Jesus, fell down before Him, and called Him "Lord," and Jesus accepted that worship (Mt 8:2-3 = Mk 1:40-43 = Lk 5:12-13). A Greek woman fell down at Jesus feet and called Him "Lord," but Jesus did not rebuke her (Mt 15:22-28 = Mk 7:25-29). The disciples worshipped Jesus as the Son of God (Mt 14:33). Jesus was worshipped as the Son of Man (Jn 9:35-38; Dn 7:13-14). Jesus was worshipped by the disciples after He has ascended into heaven (Lk 24:51-52). The church at Antioch worshipped [Gk. leitourgeo, "to perform religious functions, worship, minister"] "the Lord" (Ac 13:2), who in the context is the "Lord Jesus" (Ac 9:17; 10:36; 11:17,20; 15:11,26). But only Jehovah God was to be worshipped [Gk. proskuneo] (Mt 4:10 = Lk 4:8, Dt 6:13). The Apostles rebuked those who worshipped them (Ac 10:25-26; 14:11-15) as did angels (Rev 19:10,22; 22:8-9).

    3. Prayer

    4. Prayers to be to Jesus and in His name (Jn 14:13-14 NIV). The Father will give Jesus' disciples whatever they ask in Jesus' name (Jn 15:16; 16:23-26 NIV). Peter told Simon Magus to "pray to the Lord" (Ac 8:22), and in the context it is to "the Lord Jesus" (Ac 8:16).

      1. Father

      2. Jesus never prayed to Jehovah, but to "Father" (Mt 11:25-26; 26:39, 42; Mk 14:36; Lk 10:22; Jn 11:41; 12:27-28; 14:16; 16:26; 17:1,5,11,21,24-25). And He taught His followers to pray to "Father," not "Jehovah" (Mt 6:9; Lk 11:2,13). Which they did (Rom 8:15; Eph 1:17; 3:14; 5:20; Col 1:3).

    5. Belief in

    6. Belief in Jesus necessary for eternal life (Jn 3:14-15,16,36; 5:24; 6:40,47; 11:25; 20:31; Ac 13:48; 1Tim 1:16; 1Jn 5:13). If one believes in the Lord Jesus Christ one will be saved (Ac 16:31). It is eternal life to know the only true God the Father and Jesus Christ whom He has sent (Jn 17:3). Abraham believed in Jehovah and it was reckoned it to him for righteousness (Gn 15:6), and that belief in Jehovah is equivalent to belief in Jesus (Rom 4:3; Gal 3:6; Jas 2:23). Belief in Jesus is belief in God (Jn 12:44). Whoever believes in Jesus will not spiritually hunger or thirst (Jn 6:35; 7:38). Whoever believes in Jesus has eternal life (Jn 6:40). Whoever believes in Jesus, though he die the first death, yet shall he live eternally; and never die the second, eternal death (Jn 11:25-26). Cf. Rev 2:11; 20:6,14; 21:8. Jesus is the light who we are to believe in, that we may become ourselves lights in the darkness (Jn 12:35-36). Whoever believes in Jesus will not remain in darkness (Jn 12:46). The work of God is to believe in Jesus (Jn 6:29). Jesus demanded belief in Him as well as belief in God (Jn 14:1). It is a (if not the) sin, not to believe in Jesus (Jn 16:8-9). Many believed in the Lord [Jesus Christ] (Ac 9:42; 10:43; 11:17; 18:8). Yet Jehovah alone was to be believed in (Gn 15:6; Ex 14:31; Num 14:11; Dt 1:32; 9:23; 2Ki 17:14; 2Chr 20:20; Isa 43:10).

      1. Faith in

      2. The disciples put their faith in Jesus because of His miracles (Jn 2:11. Cf. Ex 14:31). All must have faith in the "Lord Jesus" (Ac 20:21). Cf. Rom 5:1; Eph 1:15; 1Th 1:3; 1Tim 1:14; Phm 1:5.

    7. Know

    8. Personal knowledge of Jesus is necessary to avoid eternal condemnation (Mt 7:22-23).

    9. Name

    10. The apostles did healing miracles in the name of Jesus (Ac 3:6).

    11. Come to

    12. All must come to Jesus to have eternal life (Jn 5:40; 6:37,44,65; 7:37). Cf. Mt 11:28; Jn 6:37,44,65; 7:37; 1Pet 2:4). Whoever comes to Jesus will not spiritually hunger or thirst (Jn 6:35).

    13. Baptised

    14. Every one must repent and be baptised in the name of Jesus to receive forgiveness of their sins (Ac 2:38). Disciples were baptised into the name of the Lord Jesus (Ac 8:16). Cf. Mt 28:19; Ac 8:16; 10:48; 19:5; 19:5; Rom 6:3; 1Cor 1:13,15; Gal 3:27).

    15. Acknowledged

    16. Jesus is to be acknowledged (Mt 10:32-33; Lk 12:8-9, echoing the very words that Jehovah said He was to be acknowledged (1Sam 2:30).

    17. Disciples

    18. Jesus demanded of His disciples absolute and exclusive allegiance. One cannot be Jesus' disciple unless one's love for Him is by comparison "hate" of of his family and even his own life (Lk 14:26; Mt 10:37). But we are commanded to love Jehovah with all our heart, soul and strength (Dt 6:5; 10:12; 11:13; 13:3; 30:6; Jos 22:5; Mt 22:37; Mk 12:30; Lk 10:27. A disciple of Jesus must bear his own cross of suffering and shame and come after Jesus (Lk 14:27; 9:23; Mt 10:38). One must give up everything he has to be Jesus' disciple. (Lk 14:33). Cf. Jn 12:25.

    19. Loved

    20. Jesus is to be loved (Jn 14:15,21,23). Yet only Jehovah was to be loved, in that religious sense (Dt 6:5; 10:12; 11:13; 13:3; 30:6; Jos22:5; Mt 22:37; Mk 12:30; Lk 10:27).

    21. Followed

    22. Jesus demanded that He be followed exclusively (Mt 10:32-38; 16:24 = Mk 8:34; Lk 9:23; Jn 21:19,22). His followers must be prepared to give up everything that prevents them from following Jesus: their possessions (Mt 19:21; Mk 10:21; Lk 18:22).Only those who follow Jesus will never walk in darkness and have the light of life (Jn 8:12). Yet it is Jehovah who must be exclusively followed (Num 14:43; 32:12; Dt 1:36; 7:4; Jos14:8,9,14; 22:16,18,23,29; 1Sam 12:14,20;15:11; 1Ki 18:21; 2Ki 17:21; 18:6; 2Chr 25:27; 34:33; Isa 59:13; Hos 6:3).

    23. Feared

    24. The early church was "walking in the fear of the Lord" (Ac 9:31). But in the context this is the "Lord Jesus" (Ac 9:29). Cf. 2Cor 5:11. But only Jehovah was to be feared in this reverential sense (Dt 6:2; 6:13, 24; 10:12,20; Jos24:14; 1Sam 12:24; Ps 33:8; 34:9, etc.).

    25. Obeyed

    26. Jesus is to be obeyed (Lk 6:46; Mt 7:24). Jesus' words are to be done (Mt 7:26; Lk 6:49) But it is Jehovah who must be obeyed (Dt 13:4; 27:10; 30:2,8,10,20; 1Sam 15:22; Jer 3:13,25; 9:13; 26:13; 40:3; 42:6,21; Dn 9:10,14; Zec 6:15).

    27. Served

    28. Jesus is to be served. We are to take His yoke of slavery upon us (Mt 11:28-30) and He will paradoxically give us rest. But it was Jehovah who gives His people rest (Ex 33:14; Dt 12:9-10; 25:19; Jos 1:13; 11:23; 21:44; 22:4; 23:1; 1Ki 8:56; Isa 63:14; Jer 6:16; 31:2; Heb 4:1-11).

    29. Witnessed

    30. Jesus is to be born witness to (Ac 1:8). Cf. Lk 24:48; Jn 15:27; Ac 2:32; 5:32; 13:31; 1Pet 5:1. But it is Jehovah who is to be borne witness to (Isa 43:10,12; 44:8).

    31. Works

    32. Jesus' works are the Father's works (Jn 14:10). Works to be done in Jesus' name (Mt 7:22).

    33. Person

    34. Not to be ashamed of Jesus' Person (Mk 8:38).

    35. Words

    36. Jesus' words are the Father's words (Jn 14:10). His followers are not to be ashamed of Jesus' words (Mk 8:38). Jesus' words are to be kept by those who love Him (Jn 14:15,21,23). Jesus' words will never pass away (Mt 24:35 = Mk 13:31 = Lk 21:33). But it is the word of Jehovah that will stand forever (Isa 40:8; 1Pet 1:25).

    37. Will

    38. Jesus' will be done, i.e. was to be submitted to as the ultimate good (Ac 21:14). Cf. Jas 4:15

  9. OBJECTIONS TO JESUS BEING JEHOVAH [top]
    1. Jesus spoke of Jehovah as though a different Person from Him

    2. Jesus occasionally spoke as though Jehovah was a different Person from Him. However, some of these were where Jesus merely quoted from Old Testament passages that mentioned Jehovah (Mt 4:10; Lk 4:8 = Dt 6:13; Mt 4:7; Lk 4:12 = Dt. 6:16; Lk 4:18-19 = Isa 61:1-2; Mt 5:33 = Lev 19:12; Num 30:2; Dt 23:21; Mt 21:42 = Ps 118:22-23; Mt 22:31-32; Mk 12:26; Lk 20:37 = Ex 3:4-6 and Mt 22:37; Mk 12:30; Lk 10:27 = Dt 6:4-5). Jesus quoted Ps 110 and stated this was Jehovah speaking to Christ to sit at His right hand (Mt 22:41-46 = Mk 12:35-37 = Lk 20:41-44; Ps 110:1). Jesus is the man who is Jehovah's fellow" (Mt 26:31 = Zec 13:7).

    3. Jesus stated that the Father was greater than He

    4. Jesus stated that the Father was "greater than all" (Jn 10:29) and that "the Father is greater than I" (Jn 14:28). In His then state of temporary self-emptying (Php 2:5-8; Heb 2:9; Jn 17:5) the Father was greater than Jesus. Also, in His now permanent human nature, the Father is Jesus' God (Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34; Jn 20:17; Rev 3:2,12). But even if the Son is in a permanent state of subordination to the Father (1Cor 11:3), that does not preclude the Son being one in nature (substance) with the Father (Jn 1:1; 10:30).

    5. Does not preclude other Persons of Trinity being Jehovah

    6. Jehovah God gave to Jesus the throne of David (Lk 1:32). But that Jesus is Jehovah, does not preclude the other two Persons of the Trinity, the Father and the Holy Spirit (Mt 28:19; 2Cor 13:14; 1Pet 1:2), being Jehovah. Jehovah (see Introduction).

    7. Lack of omniscience

    8. Occasionally Jesus asked questions as though He did not know some things. For example, He asked who touched Him in a crowd (Mk 5:30 = Lk 8:45); what others were saying He was (Mt 16:13); and what the disciples were discussing with the scribes in His absence (Mk 9:14-16). But this was either Jesus giving others the opportunity to make a personal response, or it could be a temporary self-limitation of Jesus' omniscience as an aspect of His self-emptying in taking upon Himself a human nature (Php 2:6-8; Heb 2:8-9). Jesus was the to be exalted Son of Man, yet in His self-humiliation at His first coming had "nowhere to lay His head" (Mt 8:20; Lk 9:58). Jesus did not know the day and hour of His second coming (Mt 24:36; Mk 13:32). Again, this may have been a temporary self-limitation of Jesus' omniscience (in Ac 1:7 after His resurrection, Jesus no longer says that He does not know the time or date of the coming of His Kingdom), and/or since the Holy Spirit is not said to know with the Father the exact time of Jesus' return, it may reflect an actual limitation (or self-limitation) of knowledge within the Trinity on the part of the Son and Holy Spirit regarding the Father's plans, until He reveals them.

    9. God the Father was Jesus' God

    10. Jesus on rare occasions, addressed and spoke of God the Father as "my God" (Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34; Jn 20:17; Rev 3:2, 12. But Jesus distinguished between "my Father and your [the disciples'] Father" and "my God and your [the disciples'] God" (Jn 20:17). In His human nature, God the Father is Jesus' God. Also, to the co-reigning son of a king, as Jesus is, his father is his king.


  10. CONCLUSION [top]


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Created: 23 September, 2007. Updated: 8 February, 2009.