Stephen E. Jones
Messianic Prophecies of the Old Testament-Verses
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These are verses on messianic prophecies that I have meditated on in my morning `quiet time.' I have placed them in chronological order (the prophets as listed in Merrill, E.H., "An Historical Survey of the Old Testament," Craig Press: Nutley NJ, 1966, p.268). When completed, I may in the future group them under topics, and add my comments to them. The Bible version is the New International Version (NIV) unless otherwise indicated.
[Gen; Ex; Num; Deut; 1 Sam; 2 Sam; Job; Ps; Obad; Joel; Jonah; Amos; Hos; Isa; Mic; Zep; Jer; Hab; Dan; Eze; Hag; Zec; Mal]
- Mt 5:17: "Do not think that I have come to abolish the Law or the Prophets; I have not come to abolish them but to fulfill them.
- Mt 26:24,56: 24The Son of Man will go just as it is written about him. But woe to that man who betrays the Son of Man! It would be better for him if he had not been born.", 56But this has all taken place that the writings of the prophets might be fulfilled." Then all the disciples deserted him and fled. [Isa 53:1-12; Dan 9:26; Mk 9:12]
- Lk 18:31-33: 31Jesus took the Twelve aside and told them, "We are going up to Jerusalem, and everything that is written by the prophets about the Son of Man will be fulfilled. 32He will be handed over to the Gentiles. They will mock him, insult him, spit on him, flog him and kill him. 33On the third day he will rise again." [Ps 22; Zec 13:7]
- Lk 24:25-27,44: 25He said to them, "How foolish you are, and how slow of heart to believe all that the prophets have spoken! 26Did not the Christ have to suffer these things and then enter his glory?" 27And beginning with Moses and all the Prophets, he explained to them what was said in all the Scriptures concerning himself. 44He said to them, "This is what I told you while I was still with you: Everything must be fulfilled that is written about me in the Law of Moses, the Prophets and the Psalms." [Isa 7:14; 9:6; 40:10-11; Eze 34:23; Dan 9:24; Mic 7:20; Mal 3:1]
- Jn 1:45: Philip found Nathanael and told him, "We have found the one Moses wrote about in the Law, and about whom the prophets also wrote-Jesus of Nazareth, the son of Joseph."
- Jn 5:39,46: 39You diligently study the Scriptures because you think that by them you possess eternal life. These are the Scriptures that testify about me, ... 46If you believed Moses, you would believe me, for he wrote about me." [top]
- Acts 3:18-26: 18But this is how God fulfilled what he had foretold through all the prophets, saying that his Christ would suffer. 19Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, 20and that he may send the Christ, who has been appointed for you-even Jesus. 21He must remain in heaven until the time comes for God to restore everything, as he promised long ago through his holy prophets. 22For Moses said, 'The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you. [Dt 18:15-18] 23Anyone who does not listen to him will be completely cut off from among his people.' 24"Indeed, all the prophets from Samuel on, as many as have spoken, have foretold these days. 25And you are heirs of the prophets and of the covenant God made with your fathers. He said to Abraham, 'Through your offspring all peoples on earth will be blessed.' 26When God raised up his servant, he sent him first to you to bless you by turning each of you from your wicked ways."
Acts 4:24-26: 24When they heard this, they raised their voices together in prayer to God. "Sovereign Lord," they said, "you made the heaven and the earth and the sea, and everything in them. 25You spoke by the Holy Spirit through the mouth of your servant, our father David: " 'Why do the nations rage and the peoples plot in vain? 26The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the Lord and against his Anointed One.' [= Ps 2:1-2]
Acts 8:30-34: 30Then Philip ran up to the chariot and heard the man reading Isa the prophet. "Do you understand what you are reading?" Philip asked. 31"How can I," he said, "unless someone explains it to me?" So he invited Philip to come up and sit with him. 32The eunuch was reading this passage of Scripture: "He was led like a sheep to the slaughter, and as a lamb before the shearer is silent, so he did not open his mouth.33In his humiliation he was deprived of justice. Who can speak of his descendants? For his life was taken from the earth." 34The eunuch asked Philip, "Tell me, please, who is the prophet talking about, himself or someone else?" 35Then Philip began with that very passage of Scripture and told him the good news about Jesus. [Isa 53:7-8]
- Acts 10:43: All the prophets testify about him that everyone who believes in him receives forgiveness of sins through his name."
- Acts 13:27: The people of Jerusalem and their rulers did not recognize Jesus, yet in condemning him they fulfilled the words of the prophets that are read every Sabbath.
- Acts 17:2-3: 2As his custom was, Paul went into the synagogue, and on three Sabbath days he reasoned with them from the Scriptures, 3explaining and proving that the Christ had to suffer and rise from the dead. "This Jesus I am proclaiming to you is the Christ," he said.
- Acts 23:23: 23They arranged to meet Paul on a certain day, and came in even larger numbers to the place where he was staying. From morning till evening he explained and declared to them the kingdom of God and tried to convince them about Jesus from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets.
- Acts 26:22-23: 22But I have had God's help to this very day, and so I stand here and testify to small and great alike. I am saying nothing beyond what the prophets and Moses said would happen- 23that the Christ would suffer and, as the first to rise from the dead, would proclaim light to his own people and to the Gentiles."
- Acts 28:23: 23They arranged to meet Paul on a certain day, and came in even larger numbers to the place where he was staying. From morning till evening he explained and declared to them the kingdom of God and tried to convince them about Jesus from the Law of Moses and from the Prophets. [top]
- Rom 1:1-4: 1Paul, a servant of Christ Jesus, called to be an apostle and set apart for the gospel of God- 2the gospel he promised beforehand through his prophets in the Holy Scriptures 3regarding his Son, who as to his human nature was a descendant of David, 4and who through the Spirit of holiness was declared with power to be the Son of God by his resurrection from the dead: Jesus Christ our Lord.
- Rom 15:8-12: 8For I tell you that Christ has become a servant of the Jews on behalf of God's truth, to confirm the promises made to the patriarchs 9so that the Gentiles may glorify God for his mercy, as it is written: "Therefore I will praise you among the Gentiles; I will sing hymns to your name." [2 Sam 22:50; Ps 18:49] 10Again, it says, "Rejoice, O Gentiles, with his people." [Deut 32:43] 11And again, "Praise the Lord, all you Gentiles, and sing praises to him, all you peoples." [Ps 117:1] 12And again, Isa says, "The Root of Jesse will spring up, one who will arise to rule over the nations; the Gentiles will hope in him." [Isa 11:10],
- Rom 16:25-26: 25Now to him who is able to establish you by my gospel and the proclamation of Jesus Christ, according to the revelation of the mystery hidden for long ages past, 26but now revealed and made known through the prophetic writings by the command of the eternal God, so that all nations might believe and obey him-".
- 1 Cor 15:3-4: 3For what I received I passed on to you as of first importance: that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures, 4that he was buried, that he was raised on the third day according to the Scriptures, [top]
- 1 Pet 1:10-12: 10Concerning this salvation, the prophets, who spoke of the grace that was to come to you, searched intently and with the greatest care, 11trying to find out the time and circumstances to which the Spirit of Christ in them was pointing when he predicted the sufferings of Christ and the glories that would follow. 12It was revealed to them that they were not serving themselves but you, when they spoke of the things that have now been told you by those who have preached the gospel to you by the Holy Spirit sent from heaven. Even angels long to look into these things. [Isa 52:13-53; Zec 9:9-10] [top]
- MESSIANIC PROPHECIES
- Gn 3:15: "And I will put enmity between you and the woman, and between your offspring and hers; he will crush your head, and you will strike his heel." Using the antagonism between humans and snakes as a metaphor, predicts the ongoing hostility between Satan (Rev 12:9; 20:2) and his offspring (Jn 8:44) and God's people (Rom 16:20), culminating in an individual ("he") who will crush Satan in the act of Satan striking him. Fulfilled in Messiah Jesus' victory over Satan at the Cross.
- Gn 3:20: Adam named his wife Eve, because she would become the mother of all the living.
- Gn 3:21: The LORD God made garments of skin for Adam and his wife and clothed them.
- Gn 9:26-27: 26He also said, "Blessed be the LORD, the God of Shem! May Canaan be the slave of Shem. 27May God extend the territory of Japheth; may Japheth live in the tents of Shem, and may Canaan be his slave." [Lk 3:36: the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech,]
- Gn 12:3; 18:18; 22:18: 12:3I will bless those who bless you, and whoever curses you I will curse; and all peoples on earth will be blessed through you." ... 18:18Abraham will surely become a great and powerful nation, and all nations on earth will be blessed through him. ... 22:18and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me." [Acts 3:25; Gal 3:8.]
- Gn 17:7,19: 7I will establish my covenant as an everlasting covenant between me and you and your descendants after you for the generations to come, to be your God and the God of your descendants after you. .19Then God said, "Yes, but your wife Sarah will bear you a son, and you will call him Isaac. I will establish my covenant with him as an everlasting covenant for his descendants after him [Lk 1:46-55; 67-79]
- Gn 21:12: But God said to him, "Do not be so distressed about the boy and your maidservant. Listen to whatever Sarah tells you, because it is through Isaac that your offspring will be reckoned. [Rom 9:6-8; Heb 11:17-19]
- Gn 22:8-14: 8Abraham answered, "God himself will provide the lamb for the burnt offering, my son." And the two of them went on together. 9When they reached the place God had told him about, Abraham built an altar there and arranged the wood on it. He bound his son Isaac and laid him on the altar, on top of the wood. 10Then he reached out his hand and took the knife to slay his son. 11But the angel of the LORD called out to him from heaven, "Abraham! Abraham!" "Here I am," he replied. 12"Do not lay a hand on the boy," he said. "Do not do anything to him. Now I know that you fear God, because you have not withheld from me your son, your only son."
13Abraham looked up and there in a thicket he saw a ram caught by its horns. He went over and took the ram and sacrificed it as a burnt offering instead of his son. 14So Abraham called that place The LORD Will Provide. And to this day it is said, "On the mountain of the LORD it will be provided."
- Gn 22:15-18: 15The angel of the LORD called to Abraham from heaven a second time 16and said, "I swear by myself, declares the LORD, that because you have done this and have not withheld your son, your only son, 17I will surely bless you and make your descendants as numerous as the stars in the sky and as the sand on the seashore. Your descendants will take possession of the cities of their enemies, 18and through your offspring all nations on earth will be blessed, because you have obeyed me."
- Gn 28:13-14: 13There above it stood the LORD, and he said: "I am the LORD, the God of your father Abraham and the God of Isaac. I will give you and your descendants the land on which you are lying. 14Your descendants will be like the dust of the earth, and you will spread out to the west and to the east, to the north and to the south. All peoples on earth will be blessed through you and your offspring.
- Gn 49:10: "The scepter will not depart from Judah, nor the ruler's staff from between his feet, until he comes to whom it belongs and the obedience of the nations is his. [Eze 21:25-27] [top]
- Ex 15:18: The LORD will reign for ever and ever." [Ps 9:7; 29:10; 55:19; 66:7; 102:12; 145:13; Ps 146:10; Lam 5:19; Mic 4:7; Lk 1:33; Rev 11:15]
- Num 21:8-9: 8The LORD said to Moses, "Make a snake and put it up on a pole; anyone who is bitten can look at it and live." 9So Moses made a bronze snake and put it up on a pole. Then when anyone was bitten by a snake and looked at the bronze snake, he lived. [Jn 3:14-15]
- Num 24:17: "I see him, but not now; I behold him, but not near. A star will come out of Jacob [Mt 2:2; Rev 22:16]; a scepter will rise out of Israel [Gn 49:10; Ps 2:9; 45:9; Heb 1:8]
- Deut 18:15,18: The LORD your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own brothers. You must listen to him. 18I will raise up for them a prophet like
you from among their brothers; I will put my words in his mouth, and he will tell them everything I command him. [Jn 1:21,25,45; 5:46; 6:14; 7:40; Acts 3:22-26; 7:37]
- Deut 32:43 mg: Rejoice, O nations, with his people, [and let all the angels worship him] for he will avenge the blood of his servants; he will take vengeance on his enemies and make atonement for his land and people. [Rom 15:10; Heb 1:6] [top]
- 1 Sam 2:10: the LORD will judge the ends of the earth [Ps 2:8; 22:27; 72:8; Isa 45:22; Isa 49:6; Mic 5:4; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8; 13:47 ]. "He will give strength to his king and exalt the horn of his anointed." [Lk 1:69]
- 2 Sam 7:12-13,16: 12When your days are over and you rest with your fathers, I will raise up your offspring to succeed you, who will come from your own body, and I will establish his kingdom. 13He is the one who will build a house for my Name, and I will establish the throne of his kingdom forever... 16Your house and your kingdom will endure forever before me; your throne will be established forever.' " [Ps 89:30-38; Isa 9:1-7; Mt 1:1; Lk 1:32-33, 69; Acts 2:30; 13:23; Rom 1:2-3; 2 Tim 2:8; Rev 3:7; 22:16]
- 2 Sam 23:3-4 ASV mg: 3The God of Israel said, The Rock of Israel spake to me: [There shall be] One that ruleth over men righteously, That ruleth in the fear of God, 4He shall be as the light of the morning, when the sun riseth, A morning without clouds, When the tender grass springeth out of the earth, Through clear shining after rain." [Isa 11:1-5; Jer 23:5; Jer 33:15-16] [top]
Job 9:32-34: 32"He is not a man like me that I might answer him, that we might confront each other in court. 33If only there were someone to arbitrate between us, to lay his hand upon us both,34someone to remove God's rod from me, so that his terror would frighten me no more. [1 Sam 2:25; 1 Tim 2:5]
- Job 16:19-21: 19Even now my witness is in heaven; my advocate is on high. 20My intercessor is my friend as my eyes pour out tears to God; 21on behalf of a man he pleads with God as a man pleads for his friend. [1 Jn 2:1; Jn 14:16; Rom 8:26]
- Job 19:25-27: 25I know that my Redeemer lives, and that in the end he will stand upon the earth. [Lk 1:68; Gal 3:13-14; Tit 2:13-14; 1 Pet 1:18-19] 26And after my skin has been destroyed, yet in my flesh I will see God; 27I myself will see him with my own eyes - I, and not another. How my heart yearns within me! [Mt 5:8; 1 Jn 3:2; Jn 1:18; 14:9]
- Job 33:23-28: 23"Yet if there is an angel on his side as a mediator, one out of a thousand, to tell a man what is right for him, 24to be gracious to him and say, 'Spare him from going down to the pit; I have found a ransom for him '- 25then his flesh is renewed like a child's; it is restored as in the days of his youth. 26He prays to God and finds favor with him, he sees God's face and shouts for joy; he is restored by God to his righteous state.27Then he comes to men and says, 'I sinned, and perverted what was right, but I did not get what I deserved.28 He redeemed my soul from going down to the pit, and I will live to enjoy the light.' [top]
- Ps 2:1-2: 1Why do the nations conspire and the peoples plot in vain? 2The kings of the earth take their stand and the rulers gather together against the LORD and against his Anointed One. [Acts 4:24-28]
- Ps 2:7-9: 7I will proclaim the decree of the LORD: He said to me, "You are my son; today I have become your Father. [Acts 13:33; Heb 1:5; 5:5] 8Ask of me, and I will make the nations your inheritance, the ends of the earth your possession [1 Sam 2:10; Ps 22:27; 72:8; Isa 45:22; Isa 49:6; Mic 5:4; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8; 13:47 ]. 9You will rule them with an iron scepter; you will dash them to pieces like pottery." [Rev 2:27; 12:5; 19:15]
- Ps 8:2: From the lips of children and infants you have ordained praise because of your enemies, to silence the foe and the avenger. [Mt 21:15-16]
- Ps 8:4-6: 4what is man that you are mindful of him, the son of man that you care for him? 5You made him a little lower than the heavenly beings and crowned him with glory and honor. 6You made him ruler over the works of your hands; you put everything under his feet: [Heb 2:6-8; 1 Cor 15:27; Eph 1:22]
- Ps 16:10-11: 10because you will not abandon me to the grave, nor will you let your Holy One see decay. 11You have made known to me the path of life; you will fill me with joy in your presence, with eternal pleasures at your right hand. [
Acts 2:25-28,31; 13:35]
- Ps 22:1: My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, so far from the words of my groaning? [Mt 27:46; Mk 15:34]
- Ps 22:7-8: 7All who see me mock me; they hurl insults, shaking their heads: 8"He trusts in the LORD; let the LORD rescue him. Let him deliver him, since he delights in him." [Mt 27:39-44; Mk 15:29-32]
- Ps 22:16: Dogs have surrounded me; a band of evil men has encircled me, they have pierced my hands and my feet. [Mt 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:33; Jn 19:18, 20:25, 27; Isa 53:5; Zec 12:10]
- Ps 22:18: They divide my garments among them and cast lots for my clothing. [Mt 27:35; Mk 15:24; Lk 23:33; Jn 19:23-24]
- Ps 22:22: I will declare your name to my brothers; in the congregation I will praise you. [Heb 2:12]
- Ps 22:27-31: 27All the ends of the earth will remember and turn to the LORD, and all the families of the nations will bow down before him [1 Sam 2:10: the LORD will judge the ends of the earth [Ps 2:8; 72:8; Isa 45:22; Isa 49:6; Mic 5:4; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8; 13:47], 28for dominion belongs to the LORD and he rules over the nations. 29All the rich of the earth will feast and worship; all who go down to the dust will kneel before him-those who cannot keep themselves alive. 30Posterity will serve him; future generations will be told about the Lord. 31They will proclaim his righteousness to a people yet unborn-for he has done it. [top]
- Ps 31:5: Into your hands I commit my spirit; redeem me, O LORD, the God of truth. [Lk 23:46]
- Ps 40:6-7: 6Sacrifice and offering you did not desire, but my ears you have pierced; burnt offerings and sin offerings you did not require. 7Then I said, "Here I am, I have come-it is written about me in the scroll. 8I desire to do your will, O my God; your law is within my heart." [Heb 10:5-7]
- Ps 41:9: Even my close friend, whom I trusted, he who shared my bread, has lifted up his heel against me. [Jn 13:18; Acts 1:16]
- Ps 45:6-7: 6Your throne, O God, will last for ever and ever; a scepter of justice will be the scepter of your kingdom. 7You love righteousness and hate wickedness; therefore God, your God, has set you above your companions by anointing you with the oil of joy. [Heb 1:8-9]
- Ps 46:10: "Be still, and know that I am God; I will be exalted among the nations, I will be exalted in the earth." [1 Ki 8:41-43; 2 Ki 19:19; Ps 22:27; 47:9; 57:5,11; 64:9; 65:8; 66:1-7; 67:2-5; 86:9; 98:2-3; 99:2-3; 102:15; Eze 20:41; 28:25; 36:23; Hab 2:14]
- Ps 65:2: O you who hear prayer, to you all men will come. [Ps 64:9; 66:1,4,8; 67:3-5; Jn 12:32]
- Ps 68:18: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious-that you, O LORD God, might dwell there. [Eph 4:8-10]
- Ps 69:21: They put gall in my food and gave me vinegar for my thirst. [Mt 27:34,48; Mk 15:23,36; Lk 23:36; Jn 19:28-29]
- Ps 69:25: May their place be deserted; let there be no one to dwell in their tents. [Acts 1:20]
- Ps 72:5, 17: 5He will endure as long as the sun, as long as the moon, through all generations. 17May his name endure forever; may it continue as long as the sun. ...
- Ps 72:8-11: 8He will rule from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth.9The desert tribes will bow before him and his enemies will lick the dust. 10The kings of Tarshish and of distant shores will bring tribute to him; the kings of Sheba and Seba will present him gifts. 11All kings will bow down to him and all nations will serve him. [1 Cor 15:25; Rev 5:13; 17:14; 19:16]
- Ps 72:17b: ... All nations will be blessed through him, and they will call him blessed [Gn 12:3; 18:18; 22:18]
- Ps 89:3-4, 27-29, 35-37: 3You said, "I have made a covenant with my chosen one, I have sworn to David my servant, 4'I will establish your line forever and make your throne firm through all generations.' " ... 27I will also appoint him my firstborn, the most exalted of the kings of the earth. 28I will maintain my love to him forever, and my covenant with him will never fail. 29I will establish his line forever, his throne as long as the heavens endure. ... 35Once for all, I have sworn by my holiness-and I will not lie to David- 36that his line will continue forever and his throne endure before me like the sun; 37it will be established forever like the moon, the faithful witness in the sky." ... [2 Sam 7:13,16; Ps 72:5, 17; Acts 2:29-30]
- Ps 86:9: All the nations you have made will come and worship before you, O Lord; they will bring glory to your name. [Ps 46:10; 65:2; Isa 19:20-21; Zec 8:20-22; 14:9; Rev 15:4]
- Ps 95:7-11: 7b... Today, if you hear his voice, 8do not harden your hearts as you did at Meribah, as you did that day at Massah in the desert, 9where your fathers tested and tried me, though they had seen what I did. 10For forty years I was angry with that generation; I said, "They are a people whose hearts go astray, and they have not known my ways." 11So I declared on oath in my anger, "They shall never enter my rest." [Heb 3:7-11; 4:3-10]
- Ps 102:16: When the LORD shall build up Zion, he shall appear in his glory. [Lk 19:44]
- Ps 102:21-22: 21So the name of the LORD will be declared in Zion and his praise in Jerusalem 22when the peoples and the kingdoms assemble to worship the LORD. [Ps 46:10; 47:9; 96:7,10,13; 98:2-3,9; Isa 2:2-4; Mic 4:1-3]
- Ps 102:25-27: 25In the beginning you laid the foundations of the earth, and the heavens are the work of your hands. 26They will perish, but you remain; they will all wear out like a garment. Like clothing you will change them and they will be discarded. 27But you remain the same, and your years will never end. [Heb 1:8,10-12]
- Ps 109:8: May his days be few; may another take his place of leadership. [Acts 1:20]
- Ps 110:1: The LORD says to my Lord: "Sit at my right hand until I make your enemies a footstool for your feet." [Mt 22:41-45; Mk 12:35-37; Lk 20:41-44; Acts 2:34-35; Heb 1:13; 10:12-13; 1 Cor 15:25; Eph 1:22]
- Ps 110:4: The LORD has sworn and will not change his mind: "You are a priest forever, in the order of Melchizedek." [Heb 5:6; 7:21]
- Ps 110:5-6: 5The Lord is at your right hand; he will crush kings on the day of his wrath. 6He will judge the nations, heaping up the dead and crushing the rulers of the whole earth. [Rom 2:5; 2 Th 2:8; Rev 6:16-17; 11:18; 19:11-21]
- Ps 118:22-23: 22The stone the builders rejected has become the capstone; 23the LORD has done this, and it is marvelous in our eyes. [Mt 21:42; Mk 12:10-11; Lk 20:17; Acts 4:11]
- Ps 118:25-26: 25O LORD, save us; O LORD, grant us success. 26Blessed is he who comes in the name of the LORD. From the house of the LORD we bless you. [Mt 21:9; 23:39; Mk 11:9; Lk 19:38; Jn 12:13]
- Ps 132:11,17: 11The LORD swore an oath to David, a sure oath that he will not revoke: "One of your own descendants I will place on your throne- ... 17"Here I will make a horn grow for David and set up a lamp for my anointed one. [Lk 1:69; Acts 2:30]
- Ps 145:13: Your kingdom is an everlasting kingdom [Dan 7:14,27], and your dominion endures through all generations. [Dan 4:3,34; 6:26] [top]
- Obadiah (c.840-830 BC): Ob 1:15-17: 15"The day of the LORD is near for all nations [Isa 13:6,9; Eze 13:5, 30:3; Joel 1:15; 2:1,11,28,31; 3:14; Am 5:18,20; Zep 1:7,14; Zec 14:1; Mal 4:1; 4:5; Mat 11:14; 17:10-11; Acts 2:15-21; 1 Cor 5:5; 2 Cor 1:14; 1 Th 5:2; 2 Th 2:2]. As you have done, it will be done to you; your deeds will return upon your own head. 16Just as you drank on my holy hill, so all the nations will drink continually; they will drink and drink and be as if they had never been. 17But on Mount Zion will be deliverance [Mt 21:5; Jn 19:20; Rom 9:33; 11:26; Heb 13:12; 1 Pet 2:6; Rev 14:1]; it will be holy, and the house of Jacob will possess its inheritance. ]
- Jonah (c.785-775 BC): Jnh 1:17; 2:1,10: 17But the LORD provided a great fish to swallow Jonah, and Jonah was inside the fish three days and three nights. 2:1From inside the fish Jonah prayed to the LORD his God.; 10And the LORD commanded the fish, and it vomited Jonah onto dry land. [Mt 12:38-40]
- Joel (c.830-82 BC): Joel 2:28-32: "28And afterward, I will pour out my Spirit on all people. Your sons and daughters will prophesy, your old men will dream dreams, your young men will see visions. 29Even on my servants, both men and women, I will pour out my Spirit in those days. [Acts 2:16-18; Jer 31:31-34; Jn 14:16-18; Gal 3:28] 30I will show wonders in the heavens and on the earth, blood and fire and billows of smoke. 31The sun will be turned to darkness and the moon to blood before the coming of the great and dreadful day of the LORD. [Acts 2:19-20; Isa 2:10-21; 13:6-13; Eze 13:5; 30:3-9; Joel 1:15; 2:1-11; 3:14-15; Am 5:18-20; Ob 1:15-17; Zep 1:7-13-18; Zec 14:1-20; Mal 4:1-6; 1 Cor 5:5; 2 Cor 1:14; 1 Th 5:1-9; 2 Th 2:1-12; 2 Pet 3:2-13; Rev 6:12-17; 16:13-21] 32And everyone who calls on the name of the LORD will be saved [Acts 2:21; Rom 10:13]; for on Mount Zion and in Jerusalem there will be deliverance [Ob 1:17; Isa 59:20-21; Rom 11:26], as the LORD has said, among the survivors whom the LORD calls."
- Amos (c.765-755 BC): Am 9:11-12: 11"In that day I will restore David's fallen tent. I will repair its broken places, restore its ruins, and build it as it used to be, 12so that they may possess the remnant of Edom and all the nations that bear my name," declares the LORD, who will do these things. [LXX: "so that the remnant of men and all the nations that bear my name may seek the Lord"] Acts 15:16-17]
- Hosea (c.755-715 BC): Hos 1:10-11: 10"Yet the Israelites will be like the sand on the seashore, which cannot be measured or counted. In the place where it was said to them, 'You are not my people,' they will be called 'sons of the living God.' 11The people of Judah and the people of Israel will be reunited, and they will appoint one leader [Jer 23:5-6; 30:8-9] and will come up out of the land, for great will be the day of Jezreel. [Rom 9:23-26]
- Hos 2:23: "I will plant her for myself in the land; I will show my love to the one I called 'Not my loved one.' I will say to those called 'Not my people,' 'You are my people'; and they will say, 'You are my God.' " [Rom 9:25; 1 Pet 2:10]
- Hos 3:5: Afterward the Israelites will return and seek the LORD their God and David their king [2 Sam 7:12-13,16; Jer 30:8-9; Eze 34:23-24; Mt 1:1,17; 9:27; 20:30; Mk 11:10; 12:35; Lk 1:27,32,69; Acts 13:34; 15:16; Rom 1:3; 2 Tim 2:8; Rev 3:7; 5:5; 22:16; Mt 2:2; 21:5; 27:11,29,37,42; Lk 19:38; 22:29-30; Jn 1:49; 6:15; 18:36,37,39; 19:12,14-15,19,19:21-22; Rev 11:15; 17:14; 19:16]. They will come trembling to the LORD and to his blessings in the last days [Isa 2:2; Mic 4:1; Acts 2:17; 2 Tim 3:1-4; Heb 1:2; 2 Pet 3:3-4].
- Hos 11:1: "When Israel was a child, I loved him, and out of Egypt I called my son. ..." [Mt 2:15; 2:18] [top]
- Isaiah (c.739-690 BC): Isa 2:2-4: 2In the last days [Mic 4:1-3; Hos 3:5; Acts 2:17; Heb 1:2] the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and all nations will stream to it. 3Many peoples will come and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem.4He will judge between the nations ... [Isa 11:9; 27:13; 56:7; 57:13; 60:3-5; 65:25; 66:20; Zec 14:16]
- Isa 4:2: In that day the Branch of the LORD will be beautiful and glorious, and the fruit of the land will be the pride and glory of the survivors in Israel. [Isa 11:1; 53:2; Jer 23:5; Mt 2:23]
- Isa 7:14: Therefore the Lord himself will give you a sign: The virgin will be with child and will give birth to a son, and will call him Immanuel [God with us]. [Mt 1:22-23]
- Isa 8:14: and he will be a sanctuary; but for both houses of Israel he will be a stone that causes men to stumble and a rock that makes them fall. And for the people of Jerusalem he will be a trap and a snare. [Rom 9:33; 1 Pet 2:8]
- Isa 9:1-2: 1Nevertheless, there will be no more gloom for those who were in distress. In the past he humbled the land of Zebulun and the land of Naphtali, but in the future he will honor Galilee of the Gentiles, by the way of the sea, along the Jordan-2The people walking in darkness have seen a great light; on those living in the land of the shadow of death a light has dawned. [Mt 4:15-16]
- Isa 9:6: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given, and the government will be on his shoulders. And he will be called Wonderful Counselor, Mighty God, Everlasting Father, Prince of Peace. [Mt 1:25; Lk 2:7]
- Isa 9:7: Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. The zeal of the LORD Almighty will accomplish this. [Lk 1:32-33; Isa 11:3-5; 2 Sam 7:12-13,16; Jer 33:15, 20-22]
- Isa 11:1-2: 1A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse [Isa 53:2; Rom 11:17]; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. 2The Spirit of the LORD will rest on him - the Spirit of wisdom and of understanding, the Spirit of counsel and of power, the Spirit of knowledge and of the fear of the LORD - [Isa 4:2; Jer 23:5; 33:15; Zec 3:8 ; 6:12; Mt 2:23.]
- Isa 11:9: They will neither harm nor destroy on all my holy mountain, for the earth will be full of the knowledge of the LORD as the waters cover the sea.[Hab 2:14; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8]
- Isa 11:10: In that day the Root of Jesse will stand as a banner for the peoples; the nations will rally to him, and his place of rest will be glorious. [Isa 53:2; Rom 15:12; Rev 5:5; 22:16]
- Isa 22:22: 20"In that day I will summon my servant, Eliakim son of Hilkiah. 21I will clothe him with your robe and fasten your sash around him and hand your authority over to him. He will be a father to those who live in Jerusalem and to the house of Judah. 22I will place on his shoulder the key to the house of David; what he opens no one can shut, and what he shuts no one can open. [Isa 9:6; Rev 3:7]
- Isa 25:7-8: 7On this mountain he will destroy the shroud that enfolds all peoples, the sheet that covers all nations; 8he will swallow up death forever. [1 Cor 15:54]
- Isa 28:16: So this is what the Sovereign LORD says: "See, I lay a stone in Zion, a tested stone, a precious cornerstone for a sure foundation; the one who trusts will never be dismayed. [Rom 9:33; 1 Cor 3:11; 1 Pet 2:6]
- Isa 40:3-5: 3A voice of one calling: "In the desert prepare the way for the LORD [Mal 3:1]; make straight in the wilderness a highway for our God. 4Every valley shall be raised up, every mountain and hill made low; the rough ground shall become level, the rugged places a plain. 5And the glory of the LORD will be revealed, and all mankind together will see it. ..." [Mt 3:1-3; Mk 1:1-4; Lk 3:1-6]
- Isa 42:1-4: 1"Here is my servant, whom I uphold, my chosen one in whom I delight; I will put my Spirit on him and he will bring justice to the nations. 2He will not shout or cry out, or raise his voice in the streets. 3A bruised reed he will not break, and a smoldering wick he will not snuff out. In faithfulness he will bring forth justice; 4 he will not falter or be discouraged till he establishes justice on earth. In his law the islands will put their hope." [Mt 12:17-21]
- Isa 42:6-7: 6"I, the LORD, have called you in righteousness; I will take hold of your hand. I will keep you and will make you to be a covenant for the people and a light for the Gentiles, 7to open eyes that are blind, to free captives from prison and to release from the dungeon those who sit in darkness. [Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:6-13; 9:15; 10:16-17; Mt 11:5]
- Isa 45:22-23: 22"Turn to me and be saved, all you ends of the earth; for I am God, and there is no other. 23By myself I have sworn, my mouth has uttered in all integrity a word that will not be revoked: Before me every knee will bow; by me every tongue will swear. [Rom 14:11; Php 2:10]
- Isa 49:6: he says: "It is too small a thing for you to be my servant to restore the tribes of Jacob and bring back those of Israel I have kept. I will also make you a light for the Gentiles, that you may bring my salvation to the ends of the earth." [Lk 2:32; Acts 13:47-48; 26:23]
- Isa 49:7: This is what the LORD says-the Redeemer and Holy One of Israel- to him who was despised and abhorred by the nation, to the servant of rulers: "Kings will see you and rise up, princes will see and bow down, because of the LORD, who is faithful, the Holy One of Israel, who has chosen you." [Isa 53:3; 52:15; Ps 72:11; Php 2:10]
- Isa 52:13: See, my servant will act wisely [mgn prosper]; he will be raised and lifted up and highly exalted. [Jn 3:14; 8:28; 12:32; Php 2:9]
- Isa 52:14: Just as there were many who were appalled at him - his appearance was so disfigured beyond that of any man and his form marred beyond human likeness - [Isa 53:2-3]
- Isa 52:15: so will he sprinkle [startle NLT] many nations, and kings will shut their mouths because of him. For what they were not told, they will see, and what they have not heard, they will understand. [Rom 15:21; Eph 3:4-5]
- Isa 53:1: Who has believed our message and to whom has the arm of the LORD been revealed? [Jn 12:37-38; Rom 10:16-17]
- Isa 53:2: He grew up before him like a tender shoot, and like a root out of dry ground. [Isa 4:2; 11:1; Jer 23:5; Lk 2:52; Mt 2:23; Rom 15:12] He had no beauty or majesty to attract us to him, nothing in his appearance that we should desire him. [Mt 13:54-57; 11:2-3; Jn 1:46]
- Isa 53:3: He was despised and rejected by men, a man of sorrows, and familiar with suffering. Like one from whom men hide their faces he was despised, and we esteemed him not. [Mt 6:21; 17:12; Mk 8:31; Lk 9:22; 17:24-25; 18:31-33; Jn 1:10-11; Acts 26:22-23]
- Isa 53:4: Surely he took up our infirmities and carried our sorrows, yet we considered him stricken by God, smitten by him, and afflicted. [Mt 8:16-17]
Isa 53:5: But he was pierced for our transgressions [Ps 22:16; Zec 12:10; Jn 19:34], he was crushed for our iniquities [Mt 26:37-38; Lk 22:44]; the punishment that brought us peace was upon him [2 Cor 5:21; Gal 3:13], and by his wounds we are healed. [1 Pet 2:24]
- Isa 53:6: We all, like sheep, have gone astray, each of us has turned to his own way; and the LORD has laid on him the iniquity of us all. [1 Pet 2:25; Mt 9:36; 10:6; 15:24; Jn 10:11]
- Isa 53:7: He was oppressed and afflicted, yet he did not open his mouth; he was led like a lamb to the slaughter, and as a sheep before her shearers is silent, so he did not open his mouth. [Mt 27:12-14; Mk 14:60-61; 15:4-5; Lk 23:8-9; Jn 19:8-9; Acts 8:32; 1 Pet 2:23; Rev 5:6, 12; 13:8]
- Isa 53:8: By oppression and judgment he was taken away. And who can speak of his descendants? For he was cut off from the land of the living; for the transgression of my people he was stricken. [Acts 8:33; Mt 26:3-4, 14-16, 47-50, 55-68; 27:1-2, 11-27-31; 45-50; Dan 9:26]
- Isa 53:9: He was assigned a grave with the wicked, [Mt 27:38] and with the rich in his death, [Mt 27:57-60] though he had done no violence, nor was any deceit in his mouth. [1 Pet 2:21-22; Mt 26:55; Lk 23:14; 1 Jn 3:5]
- Isa 53:10: Yet it was the LORD's will to crush him and cause him to suffer [Mt 26:39; Lk 22:22; Acts 2:23], and though the LORD makes his life a guilt offering [Lev 5:15; Rom 3:25; 8:3; 2 Cor 5:21; Gal 3:13; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10; Heb 9:14], he will see his offspring, [Jn 1:12-13; Heb 2:13; 1 Jn 3:1-2] and prolong his days [Rev 1:18], and the will of the LORD will prosper in his hand.
- Isa 53:11: After the suffering of his soul [Mt 16:21; 17:12; 26:37-38; Lk 9:22; 24:26, 46; Acts 1:3; 3:18; Heb 5:7 KJV], he will see the light of life and be satisfied [Job 33:30; Ps 49:19; Jn 8:12]; by his knowledge ["by knowledge of him" NIV mgn] Jn 17:3; 2 Pet 1:3; 1 Jn 5:20] my righteous servant will justify many [Acts 13:39; Rom 3:24; 4:25; 5:9, 18; Gal 2:16; 3:8, 24], and he will bear their iniquities.[Ex 28:38 KJV; Lev 10:17 KJV; 16:22 KJV; 1 Pet 2:24].
- Isa 53:12: Therefore I will give him a portion among the great, and he will divide the spoils with the strong [Php 2:9], because he poured out his life unto death [Mt 26:28], and was numbered with the transgressors [Lk 22:37; Mt 27:38; Mk 15:27; Lk 23:32]. For he bore the sin of many [1 Pet 2:24; Rom 3:25; Heb 7:27; 9:28; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10], and made intercession for the transgressors [Rom 8:34; Heb 7:25; 9:24; 1 Jn 2:1].
- Isa 54:13: All your sons will be taught by the LORD, and great will be your children's peace. [Jn 6:45; Jer 31:34; Heb 8:11]
- Isa 55:3: Give ear and come to me; hear me, that your soul may live. I will make an everlasting covenant with you, my faithful love promised to David. [Acts 13:34]
- Isa 55:4: See, I have made him a witness to the peoples [Isa 42:6; 49:6], a leader and commander [Heb. issuer of commandments-Kaiser. Mt 5:21-22, 5:27-28, 31-34, 38-39, 43-44; 7:29; Jn 13:34; 14:15, 21; 15:10, 12] of the peoples. [Dan 9:25]
- Isa 55:5: Surely you will summon nations you know not, and nations that do not know you will hasten to you [Isa 2:2-4; 45:14; 56:7 = Mk 11:17; Zec 8:22; ], because of the LORD your God, the Holy One of Israel [Mk 1:24; Lk 1:35; Jn 6:69; Acts 2:27; 13:35], for he has endowed you with splendor.
- Isa 59:20-21: 20"The Redeemer will come to Zion [Lk 1:68; 24:21; Gal 3:13-14; Tit 2:14; 1 Pet 1:18; Rev 14:3], to those in Jacob who repent of their sins," declares the LORD. 21"As for me, this is my covenant with them," [Jer 31:31; Lk 22:20; 1 Cor 11:25; 2 Cor 3:6; Heb 8:8; 9:15; 12:24] says the LORD. "My Spirit, who is on you, and my words that I have put in your mouth will not depart from your mouth, or from the mouths of your children, or from the mouths of their descendants from this time on and forever," says the LORD. [Joel 2:28 = Acts 2:1-4, 16-18; Rom 11:26-27; Jn 16:13]
- Isa 61:1-2: 1The Spirit of the Sovereign LORD is on me [= Lk 4:18; 1 Sam 16:13; Isa 11:1-2; 42:1-2; Mat 3:16; Lk 3:21-22; Jn 3:34 ], because the LORD has anointed me [1 Sam 2:10; Ps 2:1-2; 45:6-7; 132:17; Dan 9:25-26; Acts 4:24-26; 10:38] to preach good news to the poor [Mt 11:5; Lk 7:22; Mt 5:3; Lk 4:43]. He has sent me [Mt 10:40; 15:24; 21:37; Lk 4:43; 9:48; Jn 3:34; 4:34; 5:23,24,30,36-38; 6:29,38-39,44,57; 7:16,28-29,33; 8:16,18,26,29,42; 9:4; 10:36; 11:42; 12:44-45,49; 13:20; 14:24; 15:21; 16:5; 17:3,8,21,23,25; 20:21] to bind up the brokenhearted, to proclaim freedom for the captives and release from darkness for the prisoners [Isa 42:7; 49:9; Lk 13:12,16; Jn 8:32,36; Rom 6:18,20,22; 8:2,21; 1 Cor 7:22; 2 Cor 3:17; Gal 4:31; 5:1; Heb 9:15; Jas 1:25; 2:12; Rev 1:6], 2to proclaim the year of the LORD's favor [Isa 49:8; 63:4; 2 Cor 6:2; Ps 95:7; Heb 3:7,15; 4:7] and the day of vengeance of our God [Isa 1:24; 34:2,8; Lk 21:22 KJV; 2 Th 1:8 KJV; Rev 6:10; 19:2], to comfort all who mourn [Isa 49:13; 57:18-19; Mt 5:4; Rev 7:17], [top]
- Micah (c.735-700 BC): Mic 4:1-3:1In the last days [Acts 2:17; Heb 1:2] the mountain of the LORD's temple will be established as chief among the mountains; it will be raised above the hills, and peoples will stream to it [Ps 22:27; 86:9; Jer 3:17]. 2Many nations will come [Zec 2:11] and say, "Come, let us go up to the mountain of the LORD, to the house of the God of Jacob. [Ps 87:1-6; Isa 56:6-8; Zec 8:21-23; Jn 12:32; Heb 12:22; Rev 21] He will teach us his ways, so that we may walk in his paths." The law will go out from Zion, the word of the LORD from Jerusalem. 3He will judge between many peoples and will settle disputes for strong nations far and wide. They will beat their swords into plowshares and their spears into pruning hooks. Nation will not take up sword against nation, nor will they train for war anymore. [Isa 2:2-4]
- Mic 4:7-8: 6"In that day," declares the LORD, "I will gather the lame; I will assemble the exiles and those I have brought to grief. 7I will make the lame a remnant, those driven away a strong nation. The LORD will rule over them in Mount Zion from that day and forever. 8As for you, O watchtower of the flock, O stronghold [hill] of the Daughter of Zion, the former dominion will be restored to you; kingship will come to the Daughter of Jerusalem." [Isa 2:2-4; Mic 2:12; Acts 15:17; Rom 9:27; 11:1,5]
- Mic 5:2-5: 2"But you, Bethlehem Ephrathah, though you are small among the clans of Judah, [Ruth 1:2; 4:11; 1 Sam 16:1; 17:12] out of you will come for me [Mt 2:3-6; Lk 2:4-7; 2:8-15; Jn 7:42; ] one who will be ruler over Israel [Mt 2:2; 27:11,29,37; 27:42; Jn 1:49; 12:13; 18:36-37; 19:19,21], whose origins are from of old, from ancient times [Ps 102:25-27 = Heb 1:8,10-12; Jn 8:58; Jn 12:41 = Isa 6:1]." 3Therefore Israel will be abandoned until the time when she who is in labor gives birth [Rev 12:1-5] and the rest of his brothers return to join the Israelites. 4He will stand and shepherd his flock [Mt 2:6; 26:31; Jn 10:1-2,11-16; Heb 13:20; 1 Pet 2:25; 5:4; Rev 7:17] in the strength of the LORD, in the majesty of the name of the LORD his God. And they will live securely, for then his greatness will reach to the ends of the earth [1 Sam 2:10; Ps 2:8; 22:27; 72:8; Isa 45:22; Isa 49:6; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8; 13:47; Rom 16:26; Rev 5:9; 7:9; 12:5; 14:6; 15:4]. 5 And he will be their peace [Isa 9:6; Lk 1:79; 2:14; Jn 16:33; Acts 10:36; Rom 5:1; Eph 2:14].
- Zephaniah (c.635-625 BC): Zep 2:11
- Jeremiah (c.627-575): Jer 22:24,30: 24"As surely as I live," declares the LORD, "even if you, Jehoiachin son of Jehoiakim king of Judah, were a signet ring on my right hand, I would still pull you off. ... 30This is what the LORD says: "Record this man as if childless, a man who will not prosper in his lifetime, for none of his offspring will prosper, none will sit on the throne of David or rule anymore in Judah." [Hag 2:21-23; 1 Chr 3:17-19; Mt 1:12,16; Lk 3:23,27]
- Jer 23:5-6 [= Jer 33:15-16]: 5"The days are coming," declares the LORD, "when I will raise up to David [2 Sam 7:12-13; Jer 30:8-9; Eze 34:23-24; 37:24-25; Mt 1:1; Rom 1:3] a righteous Branch [Isa 4:2; 11:1; Mt 2:23], a King who will reign wisely and do what is just and right [Mt 2:2; 3:2; 13:41; 27:11,29,37,42; Rev 19:16] in the land. 6In his days Judah will be saved and Israel will live in safety [Rom 11:25-26; Rev 7:1-8; Mt 23:39]. This is the name by which he will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness [Rom 3:21-22; 5:17-21; 1 Cor 1:30; 2 Cor 5:21; Php 3:9; 2 Pet 3:13].
- Jer 30:8-9: 8" 'In that day,' declares the LORD Almighty, 'I will break the yoke off their necks and will tear off their bonds; no longer will foreigners enslave them. [Jn 8:31-36] 9Instead, they will serve the LORD their God and David their king, whom I will raise up for them. [Jer 33:15-16; Eze 34:23-24; Hos 1:11; 3:5]
- Jer 31:15: This is what the LORD says: "A voice is heard in Ramah, mourning and great weeping, Rachel weeping for her children and refusing to be comforted, because her children are no more." [Mt 2:18]
- Jer 31:31-34: 31"The time is coming," declares the LORD, "when I will make a new covenant with the house of Israel and with the house of Judah. [Lk 22:20; 1 Cor 11:25; 2 Cor 3:6; Heb 8:8; 9:15; 12:24] 32It will not be like the covenant I made with their forefathers when I took them by the hand to lead them out of Egypt, because they broke my covenant, though I was a husband to them, " declares the LORD. 33"This is the covenant I will make with the house of Israel after that time," declares the LORD. "I will put my law in their minds and write it on their hearts. I will be their God, and they will be my people. 34No longer will a man teach his neighbor, or a man his brother, saying, 'Know the LORD,' because they will all know me, from the least of them to the greatest," declares the LORD. "For I will forgive their wickedness and will remember their sins no more." [Heb 8:6-13; 9:15; 10:16-17]
- Jer 33:15-16: 15 " 'In those days and at that time I will make a righteous Branch sprout from David's line; he will do what is just and right in the land. 16 In those days Judah will be saved and Jerusalem will live in safety. This is the name by which it [he] will be called: The LORD Our Righteousness.' [= Jer 23:5-6]
- Habakkuk (c.620-610 BC): Hab 1:5: "Look at the nations and watch-and be utterly amazed. For I am going to do something in your days that you would not believe, even if you were told. [Acts 13:40-41]
- Hab 2:3-4: 3For the revelation awaits an appointed time; it speaks of the end and will not prove false. Though it linger, wait for it; it will certainly come and will not delay. 4"See, he is puffed up; his desires are not upright-but the righteous will live by his faith - [Rom 1:17; Gal 3:11; Heb 10:37-38]
- Hab 2:14: For the earth will be filled with the knowledge of the glory of the LORD, as the waters cover the sea. [Isa 11:9; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8]
- Daniel (c.605-536 BC): Dan 2:34-35: 34While you were watching, a rock was cut out, but not by human hands [Dan 2:44-45; 8:25]. It struck the statue on its feet of iron and clay and smashed them. [Lk 20:18; Rom 9:33; 1 Cor 10:4; Eph 2:19-22; 1 Pet 2:8] 35Then the iron, the clay, the bronze, the silver and the gold were broken to pieces at the same time [Rev 2:27; 11:15] and became like chaff on a threshing floor in the summer. The wind swept them away without leaving a trace. But the rock that struck the statue became a huge mountain and filled the whole earth. [Dan 2:44-45; Mt 24:14; Rev 7:9]
- Dan 2:44-45: 44"In the time of those kings, the God of heaven will set up a kingdom that will never be destroyed, nor will it be left to another people. It will crush all those kingdoms and bring them to an end [Ps 2:9; 110:5-6; Lk 20:17-8; 1 Cor 15:24; Hag 2:21-22], but it will itself endure forever. 45This is the meaning of the vision of the rock cut out of a mountain, but not by human hands-a rock that broke the iron, the bronze, the clay, the silver and the gold to pieces. [Dan 2:44-45]
- Dan 7:13-14: 13"In my vision at night I looked, and there before me was one like a son of man [Mt 8:20; 9:6; 10:23; 11:19; 12:8,40; 13:37,41; 16:13-17; 17:9,12,22; 19:28; 20:18,28; 26:2,24,45; Jn 1:51; 3:13,14; 5:27; 6:27,53,62; 8:28; 9:35; 12:23,34; 13:31; Acts 7:56; Rev 1:13] coming with the clouds of heaven [Mt 16:27-28; 24:27,30,37,39,44; 25:31; Mk 8:38; 14:62; Rev 1:7; 14:14]. He approached the Ancient of Days and was led into his presence [Mt 26:64 = Mk 8:38; 1 Cor 15:23-25; Rev 5:1,7]. 14He was given authority, glory and sovereign power [Mt 28:18; 1 Cor 15:27; Eph 1:20-22; Php 2:9-10; Rev 5:12-14]; all peoples, nations and men of every language worshiped him [Ps 72:11; 86:9; Zep 2:11; Php 2:10; Rev 7:9; 15:4]. His dominion is an everlasting dominion that will not pass away [Ps 145:13; Isa 9:7; Jer 10:10; Mic 4:7; Dan 4:3; 7:27; Lk 1:33; 1 Tim 1:17; 2 Pet 1:11; Rev 11:15; 22:5], and his kingdom is one that will never be destroyed. [Dan 2:44; 6:26; Heb 12:28]
- Dan 7:27: Then the sovereignty, power and greatness of the kingdoms under the whole heaven will be handed over to the saints, the people of the Most High [Dan 7:18,21-22,25; Isa 14:2; Mt 19:28; 1 Cor 6:2-3]. His kingdom will be an everlasting kingdom [Dan 7:14; Lk 1:33; Rev 11:15; 22:5], and all rulers will worship and obey him. [Ps 22:27-28; 72:10-11; 86:9; Rev 1:5; 17:14; 19:16; 21:24]'
- Dan 9:24: "Seventy 'sevens' are decreed for your people and your holy city to finish transgression [Isa 53:5,8,12; Mt 5:17; Lk 22:37; Rom 4:7,15; 10:4; 11:11-12; Gal 3:19; Heb 9:15 KJV], to put an end to sin [Jn 1:29 KJV; Rom 6:6 KJV; 11:27; 1 Cor 15:3; 2 Cor 5:19,21; Heb 7:27; 9:26,28; 10:12; 1 Pet 2:24; 3:18; 1 Jn 3:5; Rev 1:6], to atone for wickedness Rom 3:25; 5:11 KJV; Heb 2:17; 1 Jn 2:2; 4:10], to bring in everlasting righteousness [ Mt 25:46; Rom 1:17; 3:21-22; 4:3,5-6,9,11,13,22,24; 5:17-19,21; 9:30-31; 10:3-6; 1 Cor 1:30; 2 Cor 5:21; 9:9; Gal 2:21; 3:6,11,21; Php 1:11; 3:9; 2 Tim 4:8; Heb 1:8; Jas 2:23; 1 Pet 2:24; 3:18; 2 Pet 3:13], to seal up vision and prophecy [Mt 11:13; 21:33-41; Rev 1:3; 9:17; 10:11; 19:10; 22:7,10,18-19] and to anoint the most holy [Heb. "a most holy." Either "most holy One", i.e. Jesus (Mt 12:6; Lk 4:18; Jn 2:19-21; Acts 4:27; 10:38; Heb 1:9; 9:8-12); or "most holy place," i.e. the Church (Jn 20:22; Acts 2:1-4; 1 Cor 6:19; 2 Cor 1:21; 1 Jn 2:20,27)].
- Dan 9:25-27: 25 "Know and understand this: From the issuing of the decree to restore and rebuild Jerusalem [Ezr 7:1-7, 11-26, i.e. 458/457 BC] until the Anointed One [Heb. Messiah; LXX Christos. 1 Sam 2:10,35; 2 Chr 6:42; Ps 2:2 = Acts 4:26-27; 28:8; 84:9; 89:38,51; 132:10,17; Dan 9:26; Hab 3:13; Lk 4:18 = Isa 61:1-2; Acts 10:38], the ruler [Gn 49:10; 2 Sam 6:21; 7:8; Mic 5:2,6; Ps 2:9; 72:8; 110:2; Isa 32:1; Rev 2:27; 12:5; 19:15. Heb. also "leader": 1 Sam 13:14 and "prince": Eze 34:24; 37:25], comes [Gn 49:10; Isa 59:20; Eze 37:25; Hag 2:7; Mal 3:1; Mt 4:17 = Mk 1:14-15], there will be seven 'sevens,' and sixty-two 'sevens.' [i.e. 458/457 BC + (7+62) = 69 * 7 +1 = - 458/457 + 484 = 26/27 AD! See here and here.] It will be rebuilt with streets and a trench, but in times of trouble. 26 After the sixty-two 'sevens,' [i.e. in the 70th `week' 27/28 to 33/34 AD] the Anointed One will be cut off and will have nothing [Gn 9:11; Lev 7:20; Job 27:8; Ps 37:38; Isa 53:8. The people of the ruler who will come [Dt 28:49; 2 Ki 24:2; Hab 1:6] will destroy the city and the sanctuary [Mt 23:37-38; 24:1-2; Lk 19:41-44]. The end will come like a flood: War will continue until the end, and desolations have been decreed. [Lk 21:20] 27He will confirm a covenant with many [Jer 31:31-33; Lk 22:20; 1 Cor 11:25; 2 Cor 3:6; Heb 8:8; 9:15; 12:24] for one 'seven.' In the middle of the 'seven' he will put an end to sacrifice and offering [i.e. middle of 27/28 to 33/34 AD = 30 AD! Rom 6:10; 10:4; Eph 2:15; Col 2:14; Heb 7:27; 9:12, 9:26; 10:1-2,10; 1 Pet 3:18]. And on a wing of the temple he will set up an abomination that causes desolation [Dan 11:31; 12:11; Mt 24:15 = Mk 13:14 ], until the end that is decreed is poured out on him [Heb. "it." NIV mgn; Young, p.219. Lk 21:24]." [top]
- Ezekiel (c.593-560 BC): Eze 17:22-24: 22" 'This is what the Sovereign LORD says: I myself will take a shoot [Isa 11:1] from the very top of a cedar [Eze 17:3] and plant it; I will break off a tender sprig from its topmost shoots and plant it on a high and lofty mountain. [Isa 2:2] 23On the mountain heights of Israel [Eze 20:40; 37:22] I will plant it; it will produce branches and bear fruit and become a splendid cedar. Birds of every kind will nest in it; they will find shelter in the shade of its branches. [Mt 13:31-32]
- Eze 21:25-27: 25" 'O profane and wicked prince of Israel, whose day has come, whose time of punishment has reached its climax, 26this is what the Sovereign LORD says: Take off the turban, remove the crown. It will not be as it was: The lowly will be exalted and the exalted will be brought low. 27A ruin! A ruin! I will make it a ruin! It will not be restored until he comes to whom it rightfully belongs; to him I will give it.' [Gn 49:10]
- Eze 34:23-24: 23I will place over them one shepherd, my servant David [2 Sam 5:1-2; Ps 78:70-72; Mic 5:2,4 = Mt 2:6; Zec 13:7 = Mt 26:31], and he will tend them; he will tend them and be their shepherd. [Jn 10:11-16; Heb 13:20; 1 Pet 2:25; 5:4; Rev 7:17] 24I the LORD will be their God, and my servant David will be prince [ruler] among them. [Eze 37:24] I the LORD have spoken.
- Eze 37:24-25: 24" 'My servant David will be king over them [2 Sam 7:5,8,26; Jer 33:20-26; Eze 34:23-24; Lk 1:69; Acts 4:25], and they will all have one shepherd [Ec 12:11; Eze 34:23; Jn 10:16]. They will follow my laws and be careful to keep my decrees. [Jn 14:15, 21; 15:10; 1 Jn 5:2-3] 25They will live in the land I gave to my servant Jacob, the land where your fathers lived. They and their children and their children's children will live there forever, and David my servant will be their prince [ruler] forever. [2 Sam 7:13-16,25-26; 1 Ki 9:4-5; 2 Ki 8:19; ; 2 Chr 13:4-5; 21:7; Isa 9:7] [top]
- Haggai (c.520-505 BC): Hag 2:6-7: 6"This is what the LORD Almighty says: 'In a little while I will once more shake the heavens and the earth, the sea and the dry land. [Heb 12:26] 7I will shake all nations, and the desired of all nations will come, and I will fill this house with glory,' says the LORD Almighty. [Mal 3:1; Lk 2:27-32]
- Hag 2:21-23: 21"Tell Zerubbabel governor of Judah that I will shake the heavens and the earth. 22I will overturn royal thrones and shatter the power of the foreign kingdoms. I will overthrow chariots and their drivers; horses and their riders will fall, each by the sword of his brother. 23" 'On that day,' declares the LORD Almighty, 'I will take you, my servant Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel,' declares the LORD, 'and I will make you like my signet ring, for I have chosen you,' declares the LORD Almighty." [Jer 22:24,30;
Mt 1:13; Lk 3:27]
- Zechariah (c.520-490 BC): Zec 2:10-11: 10"Shout and be glad, O Daughter of Zion. For I am coming, and I will live among you," declares the LORD. 11"Many nations will be joined with the LORD in that day and will become my people. I will live among you and you will know that the LORD Almighty has sent me to you. [Zec 8:3; 2 Cor 6:16; Mt 1:23; Jn 1:14]
- Zec 3:1-2: 1Then he showed me Joshua the high priest standing before the angel of the LORD, and Satan standing at his right side to accuse him. 2 The LORD said to Satan, "The LORD rebuke you, Satan! The LORD, who has chosen Jerusalem, rebuke you! Is not this man a burning stick snatched from the fire?"
- Zec 3:8-9: 8" 'Listen, O high priest Joshua and your associates seated before you, who are men symbolic of things to come: I am going to bring my servant, the Branch [Isa 4:2; 11:1; Jer 23:5; 33:15; Zec 6:12; Mt 2:23]. 9See, the stone I have set in front of Joshua! [Ps 118:22-23; Isa 8:14; 28:16; Dn 2:35,45; Mt 21:42; Eph 2:19-20; 1 Pet 2:6-8] There are seven eyes on that one stone, and I will engrave an inscription on it,' says the LORD Almighty, 'and I will remove the sin of this land in a single day [Dan 9:24; Jn 19:28-30].
- Zec 6:11-13: 11Take the silver and gold and make a crown, and set it on the head of the high priest, Joshua son of Jehozadak. 12Tell him this is what the LORD Almighty says: 'Here is the man whose name is the Branch [Zec 3:8-9; Isa 4:2; 11:1-2; Jer 23:5-6; 33:15-16], and he will branch out from his place and build the temple of the LORD. 13It is he who will build the temple of the LORD [Jn 2:19-21; Mt 26:61; 27:40; Mk 14:58; 15:29; 1 Cor 3:16-17; 6:19; 2 Cor 6:16; Eph 2:21; Rev 21:22], and he will be clothed with majesty and will sit and rule on his throne [2 Sam 7:12-13,16; Ps 45:6-7 = Heb 1:8-9; Ps 89:3-4, 29, 35-37; 132:11; Isa 9:7; Lk 1:32-33]. And he will be a priest on his throne [Ps 110:4 = Heb 5:6; 7:21; 2:17; 3:1; 4:14-15; 5:5,10; 6:20; 7:3,11,14-17,:23-24,26-28; 8:1; 9:11,25; 10:11-12,21. And there will be harmony between the two.'
- Zec 8:3: This is what the LORD says: "I will return to Zion and dwell in Jerusalem. Then Jerusalem will be called the City of Truth, and the mountain of the LORD Almighty will be called the Holy Mountain." [Zec 2:10; 2 Cor 6:16; Mt 1:23; Jn 1:14]
- Zec 8:22-23: 22And many peoples and powerful nations will come to Jerusalem to seek the LORD Almighty and to entreat him." 23 This is what the LORD Almighty says: "In those days ten men from all languages and nations will take firm hold of one Jew by the hem of his robe and say, 'Let us go with you, because we have heard that God is with you.' " [Isa 2:2-3; Mic 4:1-2; Mt 1:23; Jn 12:20-22]
- Zec 9:9-11: 9Rejoice greatly, O Daughter of Zion! Shout, Daughter of Jerusalem! See, your king comes to you, righteous and having salvation, gentle and riding on a donkey, on a colt, the foal of a donkey. [Mt 21:4-5; Jn 12:14-15] 10I will take away the chariots from Ephraim and the war-horses from Jerusalem, and the battle bow will be broken. He will proclaim peace to the nations.[Isa 2:4; 9:5-6; 11:6-9; Mic 5:10-11; Mt 5:9; Jn 14:27; 16:33; 20:19,21,26; Acts 10:36; Rom 5:1; 8:6; 12:18; 14:17; 16:20; Gal 5:22; Eph 2:14-15,17; 6:15; Php 4:7; Col 1:20; 3:15; 1 Th 5:23; Heb 7:1-3; 13:20; Jas 3:17-18] His rule will extend from sea to sea and from the River to the ends of the earth.[Ps 22:27-28; 72:8-11; Isa 45:26; 49:6; 52:10; 66:18; Mt 24:14; 28:19; Acts 1:8; 13:47] 11As for you, because of the blood of my covenant with you [Ex 24:8; Mt 26:28; Mk 14:24; Lk 22:20; 1 Cor 11:25; Heb 9:20; 10:29; 12:24; 13:20], I will free your prisoners from the waterless pit. [Ps 146:7; Isa 51:14; 61:1; Lk 4:18]
- Zec 11:13: And the LORD said to me, "Throw it to the potter"-the handsome price at which they priced me! So I took the thirty pieces of silver and threw them into the house of the LORD to the potter. [Mt 27:9-10; Ex 21:32]
- Zec 12:10: "And I will pour out on the house of David and the inhabitants of Jerusalem a spirit of grace and supplication. They will look on me, the one they have pierced [Jn 19:34,37, and they will mourn for him as one mourns for an only child, and grieve bitterly for him as one grieves for a firstborn son. ]
- Zec 13:7: "Awake, O sword, against my shepherd, against the man who is close to me!" declares the LORD Almighty. "Strike the shepherd, and the sheep will be scattered, and I will turn my hand against the little ones. [Mt 26:31,56; Mk 14:27,49-50]
- Zec 14:9: The LORD will be king over the whole earth [Ps 22:28; 47:2,7; 86:9; Ob 1:21]. On that day there will be one LORD [1 Cor 8:6; Eph 4:5-6], and his name the only name. [Acts 4:12]
- Zec 14:16: Then the survivors from all the nations that have attacked Jerusalem will go up year after year to worship the King, the LORD Almighty, and to celebrate the Feast of Tabernacles. [Ps 86:9; Isa 2:2-4; 19:21; Ob 1:21]
- Malachi (c.435-415 BC): Mal 3:1: "See, I will send my messenger, who will prepare the way before me [Isa 40:3-5; Mt 3:2-3; 11:10-15; Mk 1:2-4; Lk 3:1-6; 7:27]. Then suddenly the Lord you are seeking will come to his temple [Mt 21:12; Mk 11:15; Jn 2:15]; the messenger of the covenant [Isa 42:6-7; Jer 31:31-34; Heb 8:6-13; 9:15; 10:16-17], whom you desire, will come," says the LORD Almighty.
- Mal 4:5-6: 5"See, I will send you the prophet Elijah before that great and dreadful day of the LORD comes. [Mt 11:13-14; 17:10-13; Mk 9:11-13; Lk 1:16-17] 6He will turn the hearts of the fathers to their children, and the hearts of the children to their fathers; or else I will come and strike the land with a curse." [top]
- Lk 16:31: "He said to him, 'If they do not listen to Moses and the Prophets, they will not be convinced even if someone rises from the dead.' "
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Baldwin, J.G., "Haggai, Zechariah and Malachi: An Introduction and Commentary," , Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries," Inter-Varsity Press, Leicester UK, 2003, reprint.
Baker, D.W., Alexander, T.D. & Waltke, B.K., "Obadiah, Jonah and Micah: An Introduction and Commentary," Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries," , InterVarsity Press: Leicester UK, Reprinted, 2001.
Barker, K., ed., 1985, "The NIV Study Bible," Zondervan: Grand Rapids MI.
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Hengstenberg, E.W., "Christology of the Old Testament," , Kregel:Grand Rapids, MI, 1970, Tenth Printing, 1992.
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Kaiser, W.C., Jr., 1995, "The Messiah in the Old Testament," Zondervan: Grand Rapids MI.
Merrill, E.H., "An Historical Survey of the Old Testament," Craig Press: Nutley NJ, 1966.
Motyer, A., "Isaiah: An Introduction and Commentary," Tyndale Old Testament Commentaries," , InterVarsity Press: Leicester UK, Reprinted, 2005.
Nave, O.J., ed., 1969, "Nave's Topical Bible: A Digest of the Holy Scriptures,"Moody Press: Chicago IL.
Payne, J.B., 1973, "Encyclopedia of Biblical Prophecy: The Complete Guide to Scriptural Predictions and Their Fulfillment," Baker: Grand Rapids MI, 1997, Fourth Printing.
Smith, J.E., "What the Bible Teaches About the Promised Messiah: An In-depth Study of 73 Key Old Testament Prophesies About the Messiah," Thomas Nelson Inc: Nashville TN, 1993.
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